Lipid Bilayer Fusion

Lipid Bilayer Fusion

In membrane biology, fusion is the process by which two initially distinct lipid bilayers merge their hydrophobic cores, resulting in one interconnected structure. If this fusion proceeds completely through both leaflets of both bilayers, an aqueous bridge is formed and the internal contents of the two structures can mix. Alternatively, if only one leaflet from each bilayer is involved in the fusion process, the bilayers are said to be hemifused. In hemifusion, the lipid constituents of the outer leaflet of the two bilayers can mix, but the inner leaflets remain distinct. The aqueous contents enclosed by each bilayer also remain separated.

Fusion is involved in many cellular processes, particularly in eukaryotes since the eukaryotic cell is extensively sub-divided by lipid bilayer membranes. Exocytosis, fertilization of an egg by sperm and transport of waste products to the lysozome are a few of the many eukaryotic processes that rely on some form of fusion. Fusion is also an important mechanism for transport of lipids from their site of synthesis to the membrane where they are needed. Even the entry of pathogens can be governed by fusion, as many bilayer-coated viruses have dedicated fusion proteins to gain entry into the host cell.

Read more about Lipid Bilayer Fusion:  Lipid Mechanism, Fusion Proteins, Fusion in Laboratory Practice, Assays To Measure Membrane Fusion, See Also

Other articles related to "lipids, bilayers, lipid, bilayer, lipid bilayer, lipid bilayer fusion":

Lipid Bilayer Mechanics - Curvature
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16) Photoresponse of Bimolecular Lipid Membranes Pigmented with Retinal and Vitamin A Acid M ... The electronic model describes the photo-response of artificial lipid bilayer membranes doped with retinal and/or vitamin A. 17) Permeability of Lipid Bilayer Membranes to Biogenic Amines and Cations Changes Induced by Ionophores and Correlations with Biological Activities M ...
Lipid Bilayer Fusion - See Also
... Interbilayer Forces in Membrane Fusion Fusion mechanism Cell fusion. ...
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... One of the most important properties of a lipid bilayer is the relative mobility (fluidity) of the individual lipid molecules and how this mobility changes with temperature ... is known as the phase behavior of the bilayer ... Broadly, at a given temperature a lipid bilayer can exist in either a liquid or a solid phase ...

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