Landscape comprises the visible features of an area of land, including the physical elements of landforms such as (ice-capped) mountains, hills, water bodies such as rivers, lakes, ponds and the sea, living elements of land cover including indigenous vegetation, human elements including different forms of land use, buildings and structures, and transitory elements such as lighting and weather conditions.
Combining both their physical origins and the cultural overlay of human presence, often created over millennia, landscapes reflect the living synthesis of people and place vital to local and national identity. Landscapes, their character and quality, help define the self-image of a region, its sense of place that differentiates it from other regions. It is the dynamic backdrop to people’s lives.
The Earth has a vast range of landscapes including the icy landscapes of polar regions, mountainous landscapes, vast arid desert landscapes, islands and coastal landscapes, densely forested or wooded landscapes including past boreal forests and tropical rainforests, and agricultural landscapes of temperate and tropical regions.
Landscape may be further reviewed under the following specific categories: cultural landscape, landscape ecology, landscape planning, landscape assessment and landscape design.
Read more about Landscape: Etymology
Other articles related to "landscape":
... Landscape, first recorded in 1598, was borrowed as a painters' term from Dutch during the 16th century, when Dutch artists were on the verge of becoming masters of the ... onwards, a new awareness of the aesthetic nature of landscape emerged as a new kind of topographical writing flourished..." ... to as the corrupt form of the word, gradually to be replaced by landscape ...
... Landscape history studies the form (morphology) of settlements – for example whether they are dispersed or nucleated ... can thus be considered a special type of cultural-historical landscape studies ...
... McCahon shows religious undertones to his work by giving the landscape an essentially spiritual element ... One method by which he does this is by stripping the landscape bare, showing influence of Cotton's book Geomorphology of New Zealand, especially in works such as Takaka Night and Day ... ecosystem as a means of maintaining or producing a meaningful spiritual interaction with the landscape ...
... In 1913 the landscape gardener Hugh Linaker was employed to layout the grounds of Mont Park ... As landscape gardener for the State Lunacy Department he commenced a program of landscape improvements and tree plantings at asylums in Victoria ...
Famous quotes containing the word landscape:
“The horizon is more than a convention of landscape painting, less than truth.”
—Mason Cooley (b. 1927)
“In contrast to the flux and muddle of life, art is clarity and enduring presence. In the stream of life, few things are perceived clearly because few things stay put. Every mood or emotion is mixed or diluted by contrary and extraneous elements. The clarity of artthe precise evocation of mood in the novel, or of summer twilight in a paintingis like waking to a bright landscape after a long fitful slumber, or the fragrance of chicken soup after a week of head cold.”
—Yi-Fu Tuan (b. 1930)
“When it comes, the Landscape listens
Shadowshold their breath
When it goes, tis like the Distance
On the look of Death”
—Emily Dickinson (18301886)