Kannada Literature

Kannada literature is the corpus of written forms of the Kannada language, a member of the Dravidian family spoken mainly in the Indian state of Karnataka and written in the Kannada script.

Attestations in literature span something like one and a half millennia, with some specific literary works surviving in rich manuscript traditions, extending from the 9th century to the present. The Kannada language is usually divided into three linguistic phases: Old (450–1200 CE), Middle (1200–1700 CE) and Modern (1700–present); and its literary characteristics are categorised as Jain, Veerashaiva and Vaishnava—recognising the prominence of these three faiths in giving form to, and fostering, classical expression of the language, until the advent of the modern era. Although much of the literature prior to the 18th century was religious, some secular works were also committed to writing.

Starting with the Kavirajamarga (c. 850), and until the middle of the 12th century, literature in Kannada was almost exclusively composed by the Jains, who found eager patrons in the Chalukya, Ganga, Rashtrakuta and Hoysala kings. Although the Kavirajamarga, authored during the reign of King Amoghavarsha, is the oldest extant literary work in the language, it has been hypothesized that prose, verse and grammatical traditions must have existed earlier. However, other scholars believe the literary tradition in Kannada to have begun with Kavirajamarga itself, pointing to the absence of references in other early works (such as the Sabdamanidarpanam of Kesiraja) to any preceding literature prior to the ninth century.

The Veerashaiva movement of the 12th century created new literature which flourished alongside the Jain works. With the waning of Jain influence during the 14th-century Vijayanagara empire, a new Vaishnava literature grew rapidly in the 15th century; the devotional movement of the itinerant Haridasa saints marked the high point of this era.

After the decline of the Vijayanagara empire in the 16th century, Kannada literature was supported by the various rulers, including the Wodeyars of Mysore and the Nayakas of Ikkeri. In the 19th century, some literary forms, such as the prose narrative, the novel, and the short story, were borrowed from English literature. Modern Kannada literature is now widely known and recognised: during the last half century, Kannada language authors have received eight Jnanpith awards and 56 Sahitya Akademi awards in India.

Read more about Kannada LiteratureContent and Genre, Hoysala Period, Vijayanagara Period, Mysore and Keladi Period, Modern Period, Post-modern Trends

Other articles related to "kannada literature, kannada, literature":

Hoysala Literature - Kannada Writings - Jain–Veerashaiva Conflict
... was the first to establish the shatpadi metre in Kannada literature in the epic Harishchandra Kavya (1200) ... path that was never repeated in Kannada literature, wrote Madana Vijaya ("Triumph of cupid", 1217–1235) using only pure Kannada words (desya) and ... seen by some as a rebuttal meant to prove that writing Kannada literature without borrowed Sanskrit words was possible ...
Kannada Literature - Post-modern Trends
... a position earlier held by poetry — and the prodigious growth in dramatic literature.More recently Bandaya (Rebellion) and Dalit literature, in some ways a throwback to the Pragatishila (Progressivism) days ... Kannada writers have been presented with eight Jnanpith awards, fifty-six Sahitya Akademi awards and numerous other national and international awards over the last half of the 20th century ...
Modern Kannada Literature
... Modern Kannada literature refers to the body of literature written in the Kannada language, a language spoken mainly in the Indian state of Karnataka ... The Kannada script is the writing system used in Kannada literature ... In the last forty years, eight modern Kannada authors have been awarded the Jnanpith award, a prestigious private literary award in India ...
Medieval Kannada Literature
... Medieval Kannada literature covered a wide range of subjects and genres which can broadly be classified under the Jain, Virashaiva, Vaishnava and secular ... and Brahmins and hence this period is called the age of Jain literature ... Thereafter, Virashaiva and Brahmin writers have dominated the Kannada literary tradition ...
Hoysala Literature - Kannada Writings - Overview
... Kannada poets and writers in Hoysala Empire (1100-1343 CE) Nagachandra 1105 Kanti 1108 Rajaditya 12th ... Consequently, literature in Kannada, the local language, flourished in the Hoysala empire ... This literature can be broadly subdivided as follows works dominated by the themes of Jain writings, contrasting works by Veerashaiva writers not belonging to the ...

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