Italian Fascism, also known simply as Fascism (Italian: Fascismo), is the original capital-"F" fascist ideology in Italy and the world. Italian Fascism is based upon Italian nationalism and the restoration of "Italia Irredenta" (claimed unredeemed Italian territories) to Italy as well as territorial expansionism that Italian Fascists deemed necessary for a nation to assert its superiority and strength to avoid succumbing to decay. Italian Fascists claim that modern Italy is the heir to ancient Rome and its legacy, and historically supported the creation of an Italian Empire to provide spazio vitale ("vital space") for colonization by Italian settlers and establishing control over the Mediterranean Sea as Italy's Mare Nostrum ("Our Sea"), as it had been under the Roman Empire.
Italian Fascism promotes a corporatist economic system whereby employer and employee syndicates are linked together in corporative associations to collectively represent the nation's economic producers and work alongside the state to set national economic policy. Italian Fascism promoted such economics as a "Third Alternative" to capitalism and Marxism that Italian Fascism regarded as "obsolete doctrines". Italian Fascists claim that their economic system resolves and ends class conflict by creating class collaboration. However it publicly favours proletarian culture due to its association with economic production and claims that proletarians as producers must have a dominant role in the nation. It claims that cultural nationalization of society is necessary to emancipate the nation's proletariat, and promotes the assimilation of all classes into a proletarian national culture.
It opposes liberalism, but made clear that it was not seeking a reactionary restoration of the pre-French Revolutionary world that it considered to have been flawed, and that had been the cause of the rise of liberalism, but had a forward-looking direction. It is opposed to mainstream socialism because of its typical opposition to nationalism. While it rejected Marxian socialism for its support of class conflict, its opposition to private property, and its materialism, the ideology was influenced by Saint-Simonian utopian socialism that accepted private property. Fascism shared the Saint-Simonian producerist conception of viewing societies as having productive and parasitic elements. Italian Fascism was declared to be opposed to the reactionary conservatism developed by Joseph de Maistre.
Other articles related to "fascism, italian fascism, italians, italian":
... Early influences that shaped the ideology of fascism have been dated back to ancient Greece ... Like fascism Plato emphasized that individuals must adhere to laws and perform duties while declining to grant individuals rights to limit or reject state interference in their lives ... Like fascism Plato claimed that an ideal state would have state-run education that was designed to promote able rulers and warriors ...
... Italian Fascism promoted a variant of Mediterraneanism ... In a 1921 speech in Bologna, Benito Mussolini stated that "Fascism was born.. ... In this speech Mussolini was referring to Italians as being the Mediterranean branch of the Aryan Race, Aryan in the meaning of people of an Indo-European language and culture ...
... Me ne frego (“I don’t give a damn!”) the Italian Fascist motto ... Libro e moschetto — fascista perfetto (“Book and Musket — Perfect Fascist”) Viva la Morte (“Long live Death!”) sacrifice ...
... political and ideologic foundations of Italian Fascism ... Partito Nazionale Fascista), in the revolutionary realisation of Italian Fascism as the authoritarian and totalitarian rėgime of Prime Minister Benito Mussolini, who ruled Italy as Il Duce (“The ... In support of the government of Benito Mussolini, prominent Italian academic and public intellectuals effected the first, formal effort at defining the cultural ...
... There is some dispute among scholars about where along the left/right spectrum that fascism resides ... Fascism is commonly described as "extreme right" although some writers have found placing fascism on a conventional left-right political spectrum difficult ... There is a scholarly consensus that fascism was influenced by both left and right, conservative and anti-conservative, national and supranational, rational and anti-ra ...
Famous quotes containing the words fascism and/or italian:
“Worst of all, there is no sign of any relaxation of antisemitism. Logically it has nothing to do with Fascism. But the human race is imitative rather than logical; and as Fascism spreads antisemitism spreads.”
—George Bernard Shaw (18561950)
“If the study of his images
Is the study of man, this image of Saturday,
This Italian symbol, this Southern landscape, is like
A waking, as in images we awake,
Within the very object that we seek,
Participants of its being.”
—Wallace Stevens (18791955)