Isotope Separation

Isotope separation is the process of concentrating specific isotopes of a chemical element by removing other isotopes, for example separating natural uranium into enriched uranium and depleted uranium. This is a crucial process in the manufacture of uranium fuel for nuclear power stations, and is also required for the creation of uranium based nuclear weapons. Plutonium based weapons use plutonium produced in a nuclear reactor, which must be operated in such a way as to produce plutonium already of suitable isotopic mix or grade. This theory was first recognized by Charles H. Townes. While in general chemical elements can be purified through chemical processes, isotopes of the same element have nearly identical chemical properties, which makes this type of separation impractical, except for separation of deuterium.

Read more about Isotope SeparationSeparation Techniques, Enrichment Cascades, Commercial Materials, Alternatives, The SWU (separative Work Unit), Isotope Separators For Research

Other articles related to "isotope separation, isotope, isotopes, separation":

Uranium Compounds - Isotopes - Enrichment
... Isotope separation concentrates (enriches) the fissionable uranium-235 for nuclear weapons and most nuclear power plants, except for gas cooled reactors and pressurised heavy ... To be considered 'depleted', the uranium-235 isotope concentration should be no more than 0.3% ... is repeatedly diffused through a silver-zinc membrane, and the different isotopes of uranium are separated by diffusion rate (since uranium 238 is ...
F. J. Duarte - Research - Tunable Lasers For Isotope Separation
... and Piper, were adopted by various research groups working on uranium atomic vapor laser isotope separation (AVLIS) ... In 2002, he participated in research that led to the isotope separation of lithium using narrow-linewidth tunable diode lasers ...
Laser Isotope Separation
... Laser isotope separation, or laser enrichment, is a technology of isotope separation using selective ionization of atoms or molecules by the means of ...
Molecular Laser Isotope Separation
... Molecular laser isotope separation (MLIS) is a method of isotope separation, where specially tuned lasers are used to separate isotopes of uranium using ... Organisation in Australia has developed the SILEX pulsed laser separation process ...
Isotope Separation - Isotope Separators For Research - Beam Production Capability of ISOL Facilities
... The Ion Guide Isotope Separator On Line (IGISOL) technique was developed in 1981 at the University of Jyvaskyla cyclotron laboratory in Finland ... to the standard ISOL technique and isotopes with short half-lives (sub millisecond) can be studied using an IGISOL ... An IGISOL has also been combined with a laser ion source at the Leuven Isotope Separator On Line (LISOL) in Belgium ...

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