An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as IC, chip, or microchip) is an electronic circuit manufactured by lithography, or the patterned diffusion of trace elements into the surface of a thin substrate of semiconductor material. Additional materials are deposited and patterned to form interconnections between semiconductor devices.
Integrated circuits are used in virtually all electronic equipment today and have revolutionized the world of electronics. Computers, mobile phones, and other digital home appliances are now inextricable parts of the structure of modern societies, made possible by the low cost of producing integrated circuits.
Read more about Integrated Circuit: Introduction, Terminology, Invention, Generations, Advances in Integrated Circuits, Classification, Legal Protection of Semiconductor Chip Layouts, Other Developments, Silicon Labelling and Graffiti, ICs and IC Families
Other articles related to "integrated circuit, circuit, integrated, integrated circuits":
... In electronics manufacturing, integrated circuit packaging is the final stage of semiconductor device fabrication, in which the tiny block of semiconducting ... contacts which connect the device to a circuit board ... In the integrated circuit industry it is called simply packaging and sometimes semiconductor device assembly, or simply assembly ...
... The density and speed of integrated-circuit computing elements have increased exponentially for several decades, following a trend described by Moore's Law ... trend will end, it is unclear exactly how dense and fast integrated circuits will get by the time this point is reached ... The density and computing power of integrated circuits are limited primarily by power-dissipation concerns ...
... film deposition) for volume production of silicon bipolar and MOS transistors and integrated circuit technology including oxide masking for impurity diffusion, stable Si MOS ... modelling of devices for computer aided design of integrated circuits, all with the World Scientific Publishing Company, Singapore ... the development of compact models for computer aided design of nanometer MOS integrated circuits ...
... In integrated circuit design, physical design is a step in the standard design cycle which follows after the circuit design ... At this step, circuit representations of the components (devices and interconnects) of the design are converted into geometric representations of ... This geometric representation is called integrated circuit layout ...
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