The term Indus script (also Harappan script) refers to short strings of symbols associated with the Indus Valley Civilization, in use during the Mature Harappan period, between the 26th and 20th centuries BC. It is not generally accepted that these symbols form a script used to record a language, and the subject remains controversial. In spite of many attempts at decipherments and claims, it is as yet undeciphered, and no underlying language has been identified. There is no known bilingual inscription.
The first publication of a Harappan seal dates to 1873, in a drawing by Alexander Cunningham. Since then, over 4,000 symbol-bearing objects have been discovered, some as far afield as Mesopotamia. In the early 1970s, Iravatham Mahadevan published a corpus and concordance of Indus writing listing about 3,700 seals and about 417 distinct signs in specific patterns. The average inscription contains five signs, and the longest inscription is only 17 signs long. He also established the direction of writing as right to left.
Some early scholars, starting with Cunningham in 1877, thought that the script was the archetype of the Brāhmī script. Cunningham's ideas were supported by G.R. Hunter, F. Raymond Allchin and a minority of scholars, who continue to argue for the Indus script as the predecessor of the Brahmic family. However, other scholars (including Asko Parpola and Iravatham Mahadevan) disagree, claiming instead that the Brahmi script derived from the Aramaic script.
Other articles related to "indus script, indus":
... pottery with graffiti symbols that have a strong resemblance to a sign in the Indus script were found ... villages is that they are always incised twice and together, just as they are in the Indus script ... There are several seals with the Indus script and engravings of a bull or a unicorn where the arrow-like sign always occurs in pairs ...
... Main article Indus script The Indus script is the short strings of symbols associated with the Harappan civilization of ancient India (most of the Indus sites are distributed in present-day Pakistan and northwest ...
... The Indus script has been assigned the ISO 15924 code "Inds" ... It was proposed for encoding in Unicode's Supplementary Multilingual Plane in 1999 however, the Unicode Consortium still list the proposal in pending status ...
... He specializes in the Indus script ... Two significant contributions of Parpola to the field of decipherment of the Indus script are creation of the (now) universally used classification of Indus valley seals and the proposed (much-debated ... Sanskrit-speakers had also contributed to the Indus Valley Civilization ...
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