Indus River

The Indus River Urdu: درياۓ سِندھ Daryā-e Sindh‎; (Sanskrit: सिन्धु Sindhu; Hindi: सिन्धु नदी Sindhu; Sindhi: سنڌو Sindhu; Punjabi: سندھ Sindh; Gujarati: સિંધુ નદી Sindhu; Pashto: اباسين Abāsin "Father of Rivers"‎; Persian: رود سند Rūd-e Sind‎; Arabic: نهر السندNahar Al-Sind‎; Tibetan: སེང་གེ།་གཙང་པོ Sênggê Zangbo "Lion River"; Greek: Ἰνδός, Indós; Turki: Nilab) is a major river which flows through Pakistan. It also has courses through western Tibet (in China) and Northern India. نن Originating in the Tibetan plateau in the vicinity of Lake Mansarovar, the river runs a course through the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir, Gilgit, Baltistan and flows through Pakistan in a southerly direction along the entire length of Pakistan to merge into the Arabian Sea near the port city of Karachi in Sindh. The total length of the river is 3,180 km (1,980 mi). It is Pakistan's longest river.

The river has a total drainage area exceeding 1,165,000 km2 (450,000 sq mi). Its estimated annual flow stands at around 207 km3 (50 cu mi), making it the twenty-first largest river in the world in terms of annual flow. Zanskar is its left bank tributary in Ladakh. In the plains, its left bank tributary is Chenab which itself has four major tributaries, namely, Jhelum, Ravi, Beas and Satluj. Its principal right bank tributaries are Shyok, Gilgit, Kabul, Gomal and Kurram. Beginning at the heights of the world in a spring and fed with glaciers and rivers in the Himalayas, the river supports ecosystems of temperate forests, plains and arid countryside.

The Indus forms the delta of Pakistan mentioned in the Vedic Rigveda as Sapta Sindhu and the Iranic Zend Avesta as Hapta Hindu (both sets of terms meaning Seven Rivers). The river has been a source of wonder during the Classical Period. King Darius of Persia sent Scylax of Caryanda to explore the river in 510 BCE.

Read more about Indus River:  Etymology, Description, History, Geology, Wildlife, Economy, People, Modern Issues, Pollution, 2010 Floods, 2011 Floods

Other articles related to "indus river, indus, rivers, river":

Ladakh - Geography
... and Karakoram mountain ranges and the upper Indus River valley ... region included the Baltistan (Baltiyul) valleys, the Indus Valley, the remote Zangskar, Lahaul and Spiti to the south, Ngari including the Rudok region and ... The Zangskar valley lies in the troughs of the Stod and the Lungnak rivers ...
... It is situated along the Indus river in the Chhachh valley ... It is situated along the Indus river and one of the 84th village of chhachh valley known as Wadi-E-Abaseen ... Most of the land is of the village called "Allo" which was along the Indus river and was destroyed by floods ...
... The Satluj River (Urdu درياۓ ستلُج‎), (alternatively spelled as Sutlej River) (Bengali শতদ্রু,Punjabi ਸਤਲੁਜ, Sanskrit शुतुद्रि, Śutudri, and Hindi ... The Sutlej is sometimes known as the Red River ... It is the easternmost tributary of the Indus River ...
Fauna Of Sindh - The Nara Canal Region
... The Nara Canal juts out of the Indus River from the Sukkur Barrage and irrigates hundreds of thousands of acres of cultivated land ... The infamous Indus river dolphin is among the most endangered species in Pakistan and is found in the Northern Sindh's Indus River area and the upper reaches of the Nara canal ...

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