Indigenous Australians

Indigenous Australians are the original inhabitants of the Australian continent and nearby islands. The Aboriginal Indigenous Australians migrated from Africa to Asia around 70,000 years ago and arrived in Australia around 50,000 years ago. The Torres Strait Islanders are indigenous to the Torres Strait Islands, which are at the northernmost tip of Queensland near Papua New Guinea. The term "Aboriginal" has traditionally been applied to indigenous inhabitants of mainland Australia, Tasmania, and some of the other adjacent islands.

The earliest definite human remains found to date are that of Mungo Man, which have been dated at about 40,000 years old, but the time of arrival of the ancestors of Indigenous Australians is a matter of debate among researchers, with estimates dating back as far as 125,000 years ago. There is great diversity among different Indigenous communities and societies in Australia, each with its own unique mixture of cultures, customs and languages. In present day Australia these groups are further divided into local communities.

Although there were over 250–300 spoken languages with 600 dialects at the start of European settlement, fewer than 200 of these remain in use – and all but 20 are considered to be endangered. Aboriginal people today mostly speak English, with Aboriginal phrases and words being added to create Australian Aboriginal English. The population of Indigenous Australians at the time of permanent European settlement has been estimated at between 318,000 and 1,000,000 with the distribution being similar to that of the current Australian population, with the majority living in the south-east, centred along the Murray River.

Read more about Indigenous AustraliansTerminology, Aboriginal Australians, Languages, History, Culture, Groups and Communities, Contemporary Issues, Prominent Indigenous Australians, Representative Sporting Teams

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... first order of business, on 13 February 2008, Rudd read an apology directed to Indigenous Australians for the stolen generations ... Bringing them Home report, and that the apology would not alleviate disadvantage amongst Indigenous Australians ... Rudd pledged the government to bridging the gap between Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Australian health, education and living conditions ...
Steve Dodd - Acting Career - Later Career
... contributed to several films in which issues facing Indigenous Australians, such as land rights and race relations, were the central subjects ... In 1985 he played the role of Mr Joe in The Coca-Cola Kid, an Australian romantic comedy with an international cast including Eric Roberts and Greta Scacchi ... film in which Dodd appeared that addressed topical Indigenous issues of the day ...
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... the decades following the Second World War and legal reforms undertaken to address indigenous disadvantage and establish Land Rights and Native Title. 1938 was an important year for indigenous rights campaigning ... With the participation of leading indigenous activists like Douglas Nicholls, the Australian Aborigines Advancement League organised a protest "Day of Mourning" to ...
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Famous quotes containing the word indigenous:

    What is a country without rabbits and partridges? They are among the most simple and indigenous animal products; ancient and venerable families known to antiquity as to modern times; of the very hue and substance of Nature, nearest allied to leaves and to the ground,—and to one another; it is either winged or it is legged. It is hardly as if you had seen a wild creature when a rabbit or a partridge bursts away, only a natural one, as much to be expected as rustling leaves.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)