Impression formation in social psychology refers to the process by which individual pieces of information about another person are integrated to form a global impression of the individual (i.e. how one person perceives another person). Underlying this entire process is the notion that an individual expects unity and coherence in the personalities of others. Consequently, an individual's impression of another should be similarly unified. Two major theories have been proposed to explain how this process of integration takes place. The Gestalt approach views the formation of a general impression as the sum of several interrelated impressions. Central to this theory is the idea that as an individual seeks to form a coherent and meaningful impression of another person, previous impressions significantly influence or color his or her interpretation of subsequent information. In contrast to the Gestalt approach, the cognitive algebra approach of information integration theory asserts that individual experiences are evaluated independently, and combined with previous evaluations to form a constantly changing impression of a person. An important and related area to impression formation is the study of person perception, which refers to the process of observing behavior, making dispositional attributions, and then adjusting those inferences based on the information available. Solomon Asch (1946) is credited with conducting the seminal research on impression formation.
Other articles related to "impression formation, impression, impressions":
... active as well – thus there is a moderate distance between the impression created and the mother's sentiment about strangers ... by equations derived with calculus from empirical impression-formation equations ...
... Asch was interested in how humans form impressions of other human beings ... He was intrigued how we are able to easily form impressions of humans even though we have such complex structures ... He specifically was interested in how impressions of other people were established and if there were any principles that regulated these impressions ...
... Studies of various kinds of impression formation have been conducted in Canada, Japan, and Germany ... Additionally, impression-formation processes involved some unique interactions in each culture ... A book, Surveying Cultures reviewed cross-cultural research on impression-formation processes, and provided guidelines for conducting impression-formation studies in ...
Famous quotes containing the words formation and/or impression:
“The moral virtues, then, are produced in us neither by nature nor against nature. Nature, indeed, prepares in us the ground for their reception, but their complete formation is the product of habit.”
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