Hypersonic Wind Tunnel

A hypersonic wind tunnel is designed to generate a hypersonic flow field in the working section. The speed of these tunnels vary from Mach 5 to 15. As with supersonic wind tunnels, these types of tunnels must run intermittently with very high pressure ratios when initializing. Since the temperature drops with the expanding flow, the air inside has the chance of becoming liquefied. For that reason, preheating is particularly critical (the nozzle may require cooling). High pressure and temperature ratios can be produced with a shock tube.

Read more about Hypersonic Wind Tunnel:  Technological Problems, Hot Shot Wind Tunnel

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Hypersonic Wind Tunnel - Hot Shot Wind Tunnel
... One form of HWT is known as a Gun Tunnel or hot shot tunnel (up to M=27), which can be used for analysis of flows past ballistic missiles, space vehicles in atmospheric entry ... It runs intermittently, like other high speed tunnels, but has a very low running time (less than a second) ... a near-vacuum in the remaining part of the tunnel ...

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