Household - Historical Statistics On Housing

Historical Statistics On Housing

According to statistics from Eurostat, the percentage of households in various European countries with access to an indoor WC, bath/ shower, and hot running water on the premises in 1988 were as follows:

Country Indoor WC Bath/shower Hot running water
Belgium 94% 92% 87%
Denmark 97% 94% N/A
France 94% 93% 95%
Germany 99% 97% 98%
Greece 85% 85% 84%
Ireland 94% 92% 91%
Italy 99% 95% 93%
Luxembourg 99% 97% 97%
Netherlands N/A 99% 100%
Portugal 80% N/A N/A
Spain 97% 96% N/A
UK 99% 100% N/A

According to statistics from the World Bank and the Economic Commission for Europe (UN), the average usable floorspace of dwellings in existence in 1976 in various countries were as follows:

Country m2
Austria 86
Belgium 97
Bulgaria 63
Canada 89
Czechoslovakia 69
Denmark 122
Finland 71
France 82
East Germany 60
West Germany 95
Greece 80
Hungary 65
Ireland 88
Luxembourg 107
Netherlands 71
Norway 89
Poland 58
Portugal 104
Romania 54
Soviet Union 49
Spain 82
Sweden 109
Switzerland 98
United Kingdom 70
United States 120
Yugoslavia 65

Average useful floor space (m2) per dwelling in selected European countries (Source: European Commission, 1994):

Country m2
Austria 85.3
Belgium 86.3
Denmark 107.0
Finland 74.8
France 85.4
East Germany 64.4
West Germany 86.7
Greece 79.6
Ireland 88.0
Italy 92.3
Luxembourg 107.0
Netherlands 98.6
Spain 86.6
Sweden 92.0
United Kingdom 79.7

Percentage of households without modern amenities (Source: Living Conditions in OECD Countries, 1986)

Note: The Japanese and European data is from a 1980 census.

Percentage of households lacking an indoor flush toilet:

Country No indoor flush toilet
Belgium 19%
France 17%
West Germany 7%
Greece 29%
Ireland 22%
Italy 11%
Japan 54%
Norway 17%
Portugal 43%
Spain 12%
United Kingdom 6%

Percentage of households lacking a fixed shower or bath:

Country No fixed shower or bath
Belgium 24%
France 17%
West Germany 11%
Italy 11%
Japan 17%
Norway 18%
Spain 39%
United Kingdom 4%

Floor space in selected countries (1992-1993)

Australia (1993): 191.0 m2

United States of America (1992): 153.2 m2

South Korea (1993): 119.3 m2

United Kingdom (1992): 95.0 m2

Germany (1993): 90.8 m2

Japan (1993): 88.6 m2

Basic amenities in British and German housing:

Households with an exclusive use of an inside WC:

Britain:

(1961) 87% (1971) 88% (1979) 95% Germany:

(1960) 64% (1970) 85% (1978) 92.5%

Households with a bath or shower:

Britain: (1961) 72% (1971) 91% (1979) 94.3%

Germany: (1960) 51% (1970) 82% (1978) 89.1%

Percentage of households with central heating:

Britain:

(1970) 34% (1978) 53%

Germany:

(1970) 44% (1978) 64%

Percentage of dwellings in the United States with selected amenities (1970)::

(1.) Bath or shower: 95%. (2.) Flush toilet: 96%.

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