House of Orange-Nassau

The House of Orange-Nassau (in Dutch: Huis van Oranje-Nassau, ), a branch of the European House of Nassau, has played a central role in the politics and government of the Netherlands — and at times in Europe — especially since William I of Orange (also known as "William the Silent" and "Father of the Fatherland") organized the Dutch revolt against Spanish rule, which after the Eighty Years' War led to an independent Dutch state.

Several members of the house served during this war and after as governor or stadtholder (Dutch stadhouder) during the Dutch Republic. However, in 1815, after a long period as a republic, the Netherlands became a monarchy under the House of Orange-Nassau.

The dynasty was established as a result of the marriage of Hendrik III of Nassau-Breda from Germany and Claudia of Châlon-Orange from French Burgundy in 1515. Their son René inherited in 1530 the Principality of Orange from his mother's brother, Philibert of Châlon. As the first Nassau to be the Prince of Orange, René could have used "Orange-Nassau" as his new family name. However, his uncle, in his will, had stipulated that René should continue the use of the name Châlon-Orange. History knows him therefore as René of Châlon. After the death of René in 1544 his cousin William of Nassau-Dillenburg inherited all his lands. This "William I of Orange" - in English better known as William the Silent - became the founder of the House of Orange-Nassau.

Read more about House Of Orange-Nassau:  The House of Nassau, The Dutch Rebellion, Expansion of Dynastic Power, Exile and Resurgence, The Second Stadtholderless Era, The End of The Republic, The Royal Family and The Royal House, Family Tree, Coats of Arms, Standards, Monograms

Other related articles:

House Of Orange-Nassau - Monograms
... The monograms of the ruling kings or queens Queen Beatrix Queen Juliana Queen Juliana, Variant Queen Wilhelmina William I-III William I The monograms of some members of the Royal Family Queen Anna Pavlovna Queen Sophie Queen Emma Queen Emma, Variant Prince Henry Prince Bernhard Queen Juliana and Prince Bernhard Prince Claus Prince Willem-Alexander Princess Maxima Willem-Alexander and Maxima Prince Friso Prince Friso and Princess Mabel Prince Constantijn Princess Laurentien Prince Constantijn and Princess Laurentien. ...
Apeldoorn - House of Orange-Nassau - 2009 Car Attack
... The driver hit members of the public lining the street leaving twenty-two injured and eight dead, including himself, who died the following day ... Although the Royal family was unharmed, it is believed to be the first attack on the Dutch royal family in modern times ...

Famous quotes containing the words house of and/or house:

    A severe though not unfriendly critic of our institutions said that “the cure for admiring the House of Lords was to go and look at it.”
    Walter Bagehot (1826–1877)

    Great geniuses have the shortest biographies. Their cousins can tell you nothing about them. They lived in their writings, and so their house and street life was trivial and commonplace. If you would know their tastes and complexions, the most admiring of their readers most resembles them.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)