In archaeology, a hoard is a collection of valuable objects or artifacts, sometimes purposely buried in the ground. This would usually be with the intention of later recovery by the hoarder; hoarders sometimes died before retrieving the hoard, and these surviving hoards may be uncovered by metal-detectorists, members of the public and archaeologists much later. Forgetfulness and physical displacement from the location of the hoard may contribute to failing to retrieve it.

Hoards provide a useful method of providing dates for artifacts through association as they can usually be assumed to be contemporary and therefore used in creating chronologies. Hoards can also be considered an indicator of the relative degree of unrest in ancient societies. Thus conditions in 5th century and 6th century Britain spurred the burial of hoards of which the most famous are the Hoxne Hoard, Suffolk; the Mildenhall Treasure, the Fishpool Hoard, Nottinghamshire, the Water Newton hoard, Cambridgeshire, and the Cuerdale Hoard, Lancashire, all preserved in the British Museum.

Prudence Harper of the Metropolitan Museum of Art voiced some practical reservations about hoards at the time of the Soviet exhibition of Scythian gold in New York, 1975. Writing of the so-called "Maikop treasure" acquired from three separate sources by three museums early in the twentieth century, the Berliner Museen, the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, and the Metropolitan Museum, New York, Harper warned

"By the time 'hoards' or 'treasures' reach museums from the antiquities market, it often happens that miscellaneous objects varying in date and style have become attached to the original group."

Such 'dealer's hoards' can be highly misleading, but better understanding of archaeology amongst collectors, museums and the general public is gradually making them less common, and more easily identified.

Read more about Hoard:  Classification, Middle East

Other articles related to "hoard":

Martynivka Treasure
... Ukrainian Мартинівський скарб) is a hoard consisting of about 120 silver items of 400-900 probe found in Martynivka (Russian Martynovka) village (now ... The most popular hypothesis connects this hoard with Penkovo culture of Antes ... The hoard includes, in particular, four anthropomorphic silver figurines of 'dancing men' (Ukrainian newspapers sometimes refer to them as 'aliens' for their unusual appearance), five animal figurines, three ...
Collette Hoard
... The Collette Hoard was found in fields near Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England by metal detectorist John Minns in April 2005 ... The hoard is named after Collette, the eight-year-old daughter of Minns, rather than the location it was found at, in order to keep the find location secret ... The hoard included six gold lock rings, believed to have been hair decorations, as well as bracelets, rings and pins and also six socketed axes which could have been used either for woodworking or ...
Thornbury Hoard - Discovery, Treatment and Valuation
... The hoard was discovered by Ken Allen while digging a pond in his back garden ... At an inquest, the Coroner declared the hoard Treasure and a valuation committee subsequently valued it at £40,000 ... Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery acquired the hoard, funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund, the Headley Museums Treasure Acquisition Scheme, and other organisational ...
Merchants Avenue Historic District - Notable Buildings
... The buildings include 407 Merchants Avenue - The Hoard Historical Museum - This Gothic Revival house was built in 1864 ... was added in 1875 and in 1906 Frank Hoard doubled the size of the building and renovated it with an Arts and Crafts motif ... The Hoard family donated the building to the city in 1956 for use as a museum ...
Hoard - Middle East
... Megiddo Treasure, a small hoard found at Tel Megiddo. ...

Famous quotes containing the word hoard:

    One ought not to hoard culture. It should be adapted and infused into society as a leaven. Liberality of culture does not mean illiberality of its benefits.
    Wallace Stevens (1879–1955)

    One of the few things I know about writing is this: spend it all, shoot it, play it, lose it, all, right away, every time. Do not hoard what seems good for a later place in the book, or for another book; give it, give it all, give it now.
    Annie Dillard (b. 1945)