Historiography

Historiography refers either to the study of the methodology and development of "history" (as a discipline), or to a body of historical work on a specialized topic. Scholars discuss historiography topically – such as the "historiography of Catholicism", the "historiography of early Islam", or the "historiography of China" – as well as specific approaches and genres, such as political history and social history. Beginning in the nineteenth century, with the ascent of academic history, a corpus of historiographic literature developed.

The research interests of historians change over time, and in recent decades there has been a shift away from traditional diplomatic, economic and political history toward newer approaches, especially social and cultural studies. From 1975 to 1995, the proportion of professors of history in American universities identifying with social history rose from 31% to 41%, while the proportion of political historians fell from 40% to 30%. In the history departments of British universities in 2007, of the 5,723 faculty members, 1,644 (29%) identified themselves with social history while political history came next with 1,425 (25%).

In the early modern period, the term historiography tended to be used in a more basic sense, to mean simply "the writing of history". Historiographer therefore meant "historian", and it is in this sense that certain official historians were given the title "Historiographer Royal", in Sweden (from 1618), England (from 1660), and Scotland (from 1681). The Scottish post is still in existence.

Read more about Historiography:  Defining Historiography, Topics Studied, The History of Written History, Approaches To History

Other articles related to "historiography":

Ancient Greek Poetry - The Hellenistic and Roman Periods - Historiography
... Timaeus was born in Sicily but spent most of his life in Athens ... His History, though lost, is significant because of its influence on Polybius ...
Historiography Of Switzerland
... The historiography of Switzerland is the study of the history of Switzerland ... Swiss historiography received substantial public attention in the 1990s, when controversy over Switzerland's conduct during World War II, triggered by a U.S ...
Critical Historiography
... Critical historiography approaches the history of art, literature or architecture from a critical theory perspective ... Critical historiography is used by various scholars in recent decades to emphasize the ambiguous relationship between the past and the writing of history ... A type of critical historiography can be seen, for example, in the work of Harold Bloom ...