Heterogeneous Ribonucleoprotein Particle
Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs) are complexes of RNA and protein present in the cell nucleus during gene transcription and subsequent post-transcriptional modification of the newly synthesized RNA (pre-mRNA). The presence of the proteins bound to a pre-mRNA molecule serves as a signal that the pre-mRNA is not yet fully processed and ready for export to the cytoplasm. After splicing has occurred, the proteins remain bound to spliced introns and target them for degradation.
The proteins involved in the hnRNP complexes are collectively known as heterogeneous ribonucleoproteins. They include protein K and polypyrimidine-tract binding protein (PTB), which is regulated by phosphorylation catalyzed by protein kinase A and is responsible for suppressing RNA splicing at a particular exon by blocking access of the spliceosome to the polypyrimidine tract.
Other articles related to "heterogeneous ribonucleoprotein particle, heterogeneous, ribonucleoproteins":
... Human genes encoding heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins include HNRNPA0, HNRNPA1, HNRNPA1L1, HNRNPA1L2, HNRNPA3, HNRNPA2B1 HNRNPAB HNRNPB1 HNRNPC ...
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