Hegemony

Hegemony ( /hɨˈɡɛməni/, /ˈhɛdʒɨmoʊni/, /hɨˈdʒɛməni/; Greek: ἡγεμονία hēgemonía, “leadership”, “rule”) is an indirect form of government of imperial dominance in which the hegemon (leader state) rules geopolitically sub-ordinate states by the implied means of power, the threat of the threat, rather than by direct military force. In Ancient Greece (8th c. BC – AD 6th c.), hegemony denoted the politico–military dominance of a city-state over other city-states. In the 19th century, hegemony denoted the geopolitical and the cultural predominance of one country upon others; from which derived hegemonism, the Great Power politics meant to establish European hegemony upon continental Asia and Africa. In the 20th-century, Antonio Gramsci developed the philosophy and the sociology of geopolitical hegemony into the theory of cultural hegemony, whereby one social class can manipulate the system of values and mores of a society, in order to create and establish a ruling-class Weltanschauung, a worldview that justifies the status quo of bourgeois domination of the other social classes of the society.

In the praxis of hegemony, imperial dominance is established by means of cultural imperialism, whereby the leader state (hegemon) dictates the internal politics and the societal character of the sub-ordinate states that constitute the hegemonic sphere of influence; either by an internal, sponsored government or by an external, installed government. The imposition of the hegemon’s way of life — an imperial lingua franca and bureaucracies (social, economic, educational, governing) — transforms the concrete imperialism of direct military domination into the abstract power of the status quo, indirect imperial domination. Under hegemony, rebellion (social, political, economic, armed) is eliminated either by co-optation of the rebels or by suppression (police and military), without direct intervention by the hegemon; the examples are the latter-stage Spanish and British empires, and the 19th- and 20th-century reichs of unified Germany (1871–1945).

Read more about Hegemony:  History, Geography, Political Science, Sociology

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... social complexity." Johnson concedes that "one considerable achievement of ‘the post-hegemony project’ is to draw many observable post-9/11 features into a single imaginative ...
The Inevitable Backlash - Albums
... Sex for Safety EP (Hegemony Records, 2007 EP) My Two Brooks (Hegemony Records, 2009 LP) Gives You Hell (Hegemony Records, 2010 Single) Boys Got A Future (Hegemony Records, 2011 LP) ...
List Of Ender's Game Series Organizations - Post-Ender's Game - Governments in The Enderverse - The Hegemony
... the world unified against the buggers in an alliance termed the Hegemony ... However, the Hegemony only had power and influence as long as the Buggers posed a threat ... After the end of the Third Invasion, the Hegemony lost influence as various power blocs on Earth began jockeying for influence and territory ...
Hegemony - Sociology
... Culturally, hegemony also is established by means of language, specifically the imposed lingua franca of the hegemon (leader state), which then is the official source of information for the ... to the imposition, establishment, and functioning of the cultural hegemony that influences what and how people think about the status quo of their society ...
Counterhegemony
... Counter-hegemony refers to attempts to critique or dismantle hegemonic power ... Neo-Gramscian theorist Nicola Pratt (2004) has described counter-hegemony as “a creation of an alternative hegemony on the terrain of civil society ... have grown large enough overthrow, violently or democratically, the current hegemony and establish themselves as a new historic bloc ...

Famous quotes containing the word hegemony:

    The author’s hegemony must be broken. It is impossible to go too far in fanatical self-denial or fanatical self-renunciation: I am not I, but rather the street, the streetlights, this or that occurrence, nothing more. That’s what I call the style of stone.
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