Greek Orthodox Church - History of The Term

History of The Term

Historically, the term Greek Orthodox has also been used to describe all Eastern Orthodox Churches, since "Greek" in "Greek Orthodox" can refer to the Greek heritage of the Byzantine Empire. During eight centuries of Christian history most major intellectual, cultural, and social developments in the Christian church took place within the Empire or in the sphere of its influence, thus most parts of the liturgy, traditions, and practices of the church of Constantinople were adopted by all, and still provide the basic patterns of contemporary Orthodoxy. However, the appellation "Greek" was abandoned by Slavic and other national orthodox churches in connection with their peoples' national awakenings, from as early as the 10th century A.D.

  • Seal of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople

  • Chiesa di S.Giorgio dei Greci in Venice, 1548

  • A Greek Orthodox church in Vienna, designed by Theophil Hansen, 1856

  • Cathedral of St Sophia (founded 1925), Sydney, Australia

  • Church of the Annunciation in Wauwatosa, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright

  • Allerheiligenkirche in Munich, 1995

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