Gila River

The Gila River ( /ˈhiːlə/; O'odham : Keli Akimel or simply Akimel, Quechan: Haa Siʼil) is a 649-mile (1,044 km) tributary of the Colorado River flowing through New Mexico and Arizona in the United States. The river drains an arid watershed of nearly 60,000 square miles (160,000 km2) that lies mainly within the U.S. but also extends into northern Sonora, Mexico. Indigenous peoples have lived along the river for at least 2,000 years, establishing complex agricultural societies before European exploration of the region began in the 1500s. However, whites did not permanently settle the Gila River watershed until the mid-19th century.

During the twentieth century, human development of the Gila River watershed necessitated the construction of large diversion and flood control structures on the river and its tributaries, and consequently the Gila now contributes only a small fraction of its historic flow to the Colorado. The natural discharge of the river is around 1900 cfs, and is now only 247 cfs. These engineering projects have transformed much of the river valley and its surrounds from arid desert to irrigated land, and supply water to over five million people that live in the watershed.

Read more about Gila RiverGeography, History, Dams and Diversions, Recreation, Variant Names

Other articles related to "gila river, gila, river, rivers":

Gila River - Variant Names
... The Gila River has also been known as Akee-mull Apache de Gila Brazo de Miraflores Cina`ahuwipi (Chemehuevi language) Hah-quah-sa eel (Yuma language) Hela River Jila River ...
San Cristobal Wash
... San Cristobal Valley, flowing north into the Gila River Valley of the southwestern desert region of Arizona ... the southeast California deserts along the Lower Colorado River Valley, this drainage region is in the harshest desert regions of North America ... the valley, and disappears about 8 miles (13 km) south of the Gila River ...
Spikedace - Range
... fulgida was common and locally abundant throughout the upper Gila River basin of Arizona and New Mexico ... In Arizona, this included the Agua Fria, San Pedro, and San Francisco River systems, and the Gila, Salt and Verde Rivers and major tributaries upstream of present-day Phoenix ... In New Mexico, it included San Francisco River, Gila River, and the East, Middle and West Forks of the Gila ...
Gila River Golf Classic - Winners
... Gila River Golf Classic presented by Wild Horse Pass 2005 David McKenzie Gila River Classic at Wild Horse Pass Resort 2004 Chris Nallen 2003 Lucas Glover 2002 David Branshaw Gila River Classic at Wild Horse Pass ...
Little Ajo Mountains - Valleys Surrounding The Ajo Range
... The wash only heads towards the Gila River Valley, but disappears into the ground ... The two drainages begin the Gila River's turn from south-to-west to end at the Gila River's confluence with the Colorado River at Yuma, Arizona–Winterhaven, California ...

Famous quotes containing the word river:

    This spirit it was which so early carried the French to the Great Lakes and the Mississippi on the north, and the Spaniard to the same river on the south. It was long before our frontiers reached their settlements in the West, and a voyageur or coureur de bois is still our conductor there.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)