Functional psychology or functionalism refers to a general psychological philosophy that considers mental life and behavior in terms of active adaptation to the person's environment. As such, it provides the general basis for developing psychological theories not readily testable by controlled experiments and for applied psychology.
Functionalism arose in the U.S. in the late 19th century as an alternative to Structuralism (psychology). While functionalism never became a formal school, it built on structuralism's concern for the anatomy of the mind and led to greater concern over the functions of the mind, and later to behaviorism.
Other articles related to "functional psychology, functional, psychology":
... by the thought of John Dewey and is closely identified with functional psychology ... Functional psychology is interested in mental operations by way of mental activity and its relation to the larger biological forces ... Angell believes that functional psychologists must consider the evolution of the mental operations in humans as one particular way to deal with the conditions of our ...
... Evolutionary psychology is based on the idea that knowledge concerning the function of the psychological phenomena affecting human evolution is necessary for a complete understanding of the human psyche ... Like evolutionary psychology, James's functionalism was inspired by Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection ...
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