Fugitive Slave

Fugitive Slave

The phenomenon of slaves running away and seeking to regain their freedom is as old as the institution of slavery itself. In the history of slavery in the United States, "fugitive slaves" (or runaway slaves) were slaves who had escaped from their master to travel to a place where slavery was banned or illegal. Many went to northern territories including Pennsylvania and Massachusetts until the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 was passed. Because of this, fugitive slaves had to leave the country, traveling to Canada or Mexico. During the Civil War many slavery advocates stated that most of the slaves stayed on the plantation rather than escape, but in fact there were half a million who ran away, which is about one in five. This is a very high proportion considering many of the slaves did not know where to go or what they would need to survive .

Read more about Fugitive Slave:  History, Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, Harriet Tubman

Other articles related to "fugitive slave, slaves, fugitive slaves, slave":

Slave Catcher - Uneasy Compromise and Disagreement
... At the time of Fugitive Slave catchers the North was moving more in the direction of abolition ... The South wanted runaway slaves caught and brought back to their owners and they activated this by means of Fugitive Slave catchers ... The Fugitive Slave Law stated that every citizen was responsible for helping to recover and return fugitive slaves so any white person from the North or South could be, and was ...
Millard Fillmore - Presidency 1850–1853 - Domestic Affairs
... Place federal officers at the disposal of slaveholders seeking escapees—the Fugitive Slave Act ... Abolish the slave trade, but not slavery, in the District of Columbia ... Fillmore's greatest difficulty with the fugitive slave law was enforcing it without showing favor to Southern Whigs ...
Fugitive Slave - Harriet Tubman
... One of the most notable fugitive slaves of American history and conductors of the Underground Railroad is Harriet Tubman ... Born in Dorchester County, Maryland around 1822, Tubman grew up a slave ... Between 1850 and 1860 she helped approximately 300 slaves escape from slavery, including her parents ...
John P. Bigelow - Mayoral Years - Shadrach Affair
... of controversy, primarily because it involved the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 ... and signed by President Millard Fillmore, the law allowed federal marshals to capture slaves who had run away to non-slaveholding states, such as Massachusetts ... That year, a slave, Shadrach Minkins, had escaped into Boston, where he came to reside and earn a living as a waiter ...
Slave Catcher
... Fugitive slave catchers were people who returned escaped slaves to their owners in the United States in the mid-19th century ... Slaves who managed to free themselves from their owners had yet another worry fugitive slave catchers ... The Compromise of 1850 and the Fugitive Slave Law, the latter enacted pursuant to a specific provision contained in Article IV of the United States Constitution ...

Famous quotes related to fugitive slave:

    Is this what all these soldiers, all this training, have been for these seventy-nine years past? Have they been trained merely to rob Mexico and carry back fugitive slaves to their masters?
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    It is by a mathematical point only that we are wise, as the sailor or the fugitive slave keeps the polestar in his eye; but that is sufficient guidance for all our life. We may not arrive at our port within a calculable period, but we would preserve the true course.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    What should concern Massachusetts is not the Nebraska Bill, nor the Fugitive Slave Bill, but her own slaveholding and servility. Let the State dissolve her union with the slaveholder.... Let each inhabitant of the State dissolve his union with her, as long as she delays to do her duty.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)