Nesting tends to take place during the coldest months (July–October), when marine food is at its most abundant and the risk of heat stress to the chicks is decreased. At this time, breeding colonies consisting of around 12 pairs form. The courtship behaviour of this species begins in the sea; the male and female swim around each other with their necks bent into a snake-like position. They then move onto land. The bulky seaweed nest, located just above the high-tide mark, is augmented with "gifts" including pieces of flotsam such as rope and bottle caps, which are presented to the female by the male.
The female generally lays three whitish eggs per clutch, though usually only one chick survives. Both male and female share in incubation. Once the eggs have hatched, both parents continue to share responsibilities of feeding and brooding (protecting the chicks from exposure to heat and cold), but once the chicks are old enough to be independent, and if food supplies are plentiful, the female will leave the male to carry out further parenting, and she will leave to find a new mate. Females can breed three times in a single year. Thus, although their population size is small, Flightless Cormorants can recover fairly quickly from environmental disasters.
Other articles related to "breeding":
... The only breeding pair of Golden Eagles in England hatch a chick for the first time in three years at Haweswater ... The first inland breeding of Avocets in modern times takes place at a site in London ... However breeding success at coastal colonies in East Anglia is poor ...
70 per cent of the population, however, was engaged in farming and animal breeding ... Animal breeding still dominated the livelihood of the inhabitants ... Rural animal breeding was characterised by economic efficiency ...
... The African Spoonbill begins breeding in the winter, which lasts until spring ... The spoonbill's nest, generally located in trees above water, is built from sticks and reeds and lined with leaves ...
... The onset of breeding varies between populations and within populations from year to year ... The eastern cottontail breeding season begins later with higher latitudes and elevations ... has been suggested as a primary factor controlling onset of breeding many studies correlate severe weather with delays in the onset of breeding ...
Famous quotes containing the word breeding:
“The Fashionable World is grown free and easie; our Manners sit more loose upon us: Nothing is so modish as an agreeable Negligence. In a word, Good Breeding shows it self most, where to an ordinary Eye it appears the least.”
—Joseph Addison (16721719)
“We have been God-like in our planned breeding of our domesticated plants and animals, but we have been rabbit-like in our unplanned breeding of ourselves.”
—A.J. (Arnold Joseph)
“The test of a mans or womans breeding is how they behave in a quarrel. Anybody can behave well when things are going smoothly.”
—George Bernard Shaw (18561950)