Field-oriented Control

Vector control, also called field-oriented control (FOC), is a variable frequency drive (VFD) control method which controls three-phase AC electric motor output by means of two controllable VFD inverter output variables:

  • Voltage magnitude
  • Frequency.

(Voltage angle, or phase, is only indirectly controlled)

FOC is a control technique used in AC synchronous and induction motor applications that was originally developed for high-performance motor applications which can operate smoothly over the full speed range, can generate full torque at zero speed, and is capable of fast acceleration and deceleration but that is becoming increasingly attractive for lower performance applications as well due to FOC's motor size, cost and power consumption reduction superiority.

Not only is FOC very common in induction motor control applications due to its traditional superiority in high-performance applications, but the expectation is that it will eventually nearly universally displace single-variable scalar volts-per-Hertz (V/f) control.

Read more about Field-oriented Control:  Development History, Technical Overview, Application Recap

Other articles related to "control":

Field-oriented Control - Application Recap
... of the stator current vector is used to control the rotor flux linkage and the imaginary q-axis component is used to control the motor torque ... While PI controllers can be used to control these currents, bang-bang type current control provides better dynamic performance ... A decoupling term is sometimes added to the controller output to improve control performance to mitigate cross coupling or big and rapid changes in speed, current and flux linkage ...

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