Famine relief is an organized effort to reduce starvation in a region in which there is famine. A famine is a phenomenon in which a large proportion of the population of a region or country are so undernourished that death by starvation becomes increasingly common. In spite of the much greater technological and economic resources of the modern world, famine still strikes many parts of the world, mostly in the developing nations.
Famine is associated with naturally occurring crop failure and pestilence and artificially with war and genocide. In the past few decades, a more nuanced view focused on the economic and political circumstances leading to modern famine has emerged. Modern relief agencies categorize various gradations of famine according to a famine scale.
Many areas that suffered famines in the past have protected themselves through technological and social development. The first area in Europe to eliminate famine was the Netherlands, which saw its last peacetime famines in the early-17th century as it became a major economic power and established a complex political organization. A prominent economist on the subject, Nobel laureate Amartya Sen, has noted that no functioning democracy has ever suffered a famine, although he admits that malnutrition can occur in a democracy and he does not consider mid 19th century Ireland to be a functioning democracy.
The bulk of the world’s food aid is given to people in areas where poverty is endemic; or to people who has suffered due to a natural disaster other than famine (such as the victims of the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami), or have lost their crops due to conflicts (such as in the Darfur region of Sudan). Only a small amount of food aid goes to people who are suffering as a direct consequence of famine.
Other articles related to "famine, relief, famine relief, famines":
... When the Russian famine of 1921 broke out, the ARA's director in Europe, Walter Lyman Brown, began negotiating with Soviet deputy People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs, Maxim Litvinov, in Riga ... Congress appropriated $20,000,000 for relief under the Russian Famine Relief Act of late 1921 ... The ARA's famine relief operations ran in parallel with much smaller Mennonite, Jewish and Quaker famine relief operations in Russia ...
... One of the earliest treatises on famine relief goes back more than 2000 years ... rulers have employed several methods of famine relief ... Kautilya advocated raiding the provisions of the rich in times of famine to "thin them by exacting excess revenue." Information on famines from ...
... to discover the region was suffering from 3 years of famine ... They left on 28 Nov, two days before the arrival of Timothy Richard with famine relief ... Returning the following March 1878 with famine relief were Mr Turner, Rev A Whiting (American Presbyterian Mission) and Rev David Hill (Wesleyan Missionary ...
... especially in countries hardest hit by famine ... This is why famine repeats in those areas ...
... A decade earlier, in 1883, the Provisional Famine Code had been promulgated soon after the report of the first Indian Famine Commission was submitted in ... Now, guided by the Code, relief was organized for 821 million units at a cost of Rs ... A charitable relief fund collected a total of Rs ...
Famous quotes containing the words relief and/or famine:
“It certainly must have been a relief for the women of the country to realize that one could be a woman and a lady and yet be thoroughly political.”
—Agnes E. Meyer (18871970)
“I knew the poor,
I knew the hideous death they die,
when famine lays its bleak hand on the door;
I knew the rich,
sated with merriment,
who yet are sad.”
—Hilda Doolittle (18861961)