Episodic Memory

Episodic memory is the memory of autobiographical events (times, places, associated emotions, and other contextual knowledge) that can be explicitly stated. Semantic and episodic memory together make up the category of declarative memory, which is one of the two major divisions in memory. The counterpart to declarative, or explicit memory, is procedural memory, or implicit memory. The term Episodic Memory was coined by Endel Tulving in 1972. He was referring to the distinction between knowing and remembering. Knowing is more factual whereas remembering is a feeling that is located in the past.

Tulving has seminally defined three key properties of episodic memory recollection. These are: a subjective sense of time (or mental time travel), connection to the self, and autonoetic consciousness. Autonoetic consciousness refers to a special kind of consciousness that accompanies the act of remembering which enables an individual to be aware of the self in a subjective time. Aside from Tulving, others named the important aspects of recollection which includes visual imagery, narrative structure, retrieval of semantic information and the feelings of familiarity.

Events that are recorded into episodic memory may trigger episodic learning, i.e. a change in behavior that occurs as a result of an event. For example, a fear of dogs that follows being bitten by a dog is a result of episodic learning.

One of the main components of episodic memory is the process of recollection. Recollection is a process that elicits the retrieval of contextual information pertaining to a specific event or experience that has previously occurred.

Read more about Episodic MemoryNine Properties of Episodic Memory, Cognitive Neuroscience, Relationship To Semantic Memory, Age Differences, Relationship To Emotion, Pharmacological Enhancement, Damage, In Animals, Autobiographical Memory, Types, Neural Network Models

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Memory And Aging - Memory Decline in Normal Aging
... aging is associated with a decline in various memory abilities in many cognitive tasks the phenomenon is known as age-related memory impairment (AMI) or age-associated memory ... new memories of events or facts and working memory shows decline in both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies ... Studies comparing the effects of aging on episodic memory, semantic memory, short-term memory and priming find that episodic memory is especially impaired ...
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... Retrospective autobiographical memory is recalling specific events from your own past ... Testing of this type of memory has been used when researching the effect of emotion and context on memory ... They wanted to see if the participants memory of remembering childhood events was accurate ...
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Semantic Memory - History
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