Dome

A dome is an element of architecture that resembles the hollow upper half of a sphere. Dome structures made of various materials have a long architectural lineage extending into prehistory.

Corbel domes and true domes have been found in the ancient Middle East in modest buildings and tombs. The construction of the first technically advanced true domes began in the Roman Architectural Revolution, when they were frequently used by the Romans to shape large interior spaces of temples and public buildings, such as the Pantheon. This tradition continued unabated after the adoption of Christianity in the Byzantine (East Roman) religious and secular architecture, culminating in the revolutionary pendentive dome of the 6th century church Hagia Sophia. Squinches, the technique of making a transition from a square shaped room to a circular dome, was most likely invented by the ancient Persians. The Sassanid Empire initiated the construction of the first large-scale domes in Persia, with such royal buildings as the Palace of Ardashir, Sarvestan and Ghal'eh Dokhtar. With the Muslim conquest of Greek-Roman Syria, the Byzantine architectural style became a major influence on Muslim societies. Indeed the use of domes as a feature of Islamic architecture has gotten its roots from Roman Greater-Syria (see Dome of the Rock).

An original tradition of using multiple domes was developed in the church architecture in Russia, which had adopted Orthodox Christianity from Byzantium. Russian domes are often gilded or brightly painted, and typically have a carcass and an outer shell made of wood or metal. The onion dome became another distinctive feature in the Russian architecture, often in combination with the tented roof.

Domes in Western Europe became popular again during the Renaissance period, reaching a zenith in popularity during the early 18th century Baroque period. Reminiscent of the Roman senate, during the 19th century they became a feature of grand civic architecture. As a domestic feature the dome is less common, tending only to be a feature of the grandest houses and palaces during the Baroque period.

Construction of domes in the Muslim world reached its peak during the 16th – 18th centuries, when the Ottoman, Safavid and Mughal Empires, ruling an area of the World compromising North Africa, the Middle East and South- and Central Asia, applied lofty domes to their religious buildings to create a sense of heavenly transcendence. The Sultan Ahmed Mosque, the Shah Mosque and the Badshahi Mosque are primary examples of this style of architecture.

Many domes, particularly those from the Renaissance and Baroque periods of architecture, are crowned by a lantern or cupola, a Medieval innovation which not only serves to admit light and vent air, but gives an extra dimension to the decorated interior of the dome.

Read more about Dome:  Characteristics, Symbolism, Influential Domes

Other articles related to "domes, dome":

Forest Park High School (Woodbridge, Virginia) - County Observatory
... The Prince William County Observatory complex consists of two robotic domes that are mounted to the roof of Forest Park High School ... The ten-foot fiberglass dome houses a sixteen inch Meade telescope, with a CCD camera attached ... Students can remotely control the dome and telescope and images will be downloaded into the student's computer ...
1509 Istanbul Earthquake - Damage
... built Bayezid II Mosque was badly damaged, the main dome was destroyed and a minaret collapsed ... damage to its four great columns and the dome was split ... the plaster that had been used to cover up the Byzantine mosaics inside the dome fell off, revealing the Christian images ...
Urania Sternwarte - Telescope
... The refractor in the dome area is the center of the imposing tower building The telescope stands on a pillar, contact-free installed through the center of the building ... On its centenary anniversary, telescope and dome were fully renewed ... April 25, 2007, the telescope was hoisted into the observatory's 51 m high dome, on May 4, 2007, its second opening ceremony was celebrated ...
Under The Dome
... Under the Dome is a science fiction novel by Stephen King, published in November 2009 ... late 1970s and early 1980s, under the titles The Cannibals and Under the Dome ... The new Under the Dome is played dead straight." From the material originally written, only the first chapter is included in the new novel ...
General Types - Umbrella Dome
... called pumpkin, melon, scalloped, or parachute domes, these are a type of dome segmented by ribs radiating from the center of the dome to the base ... The central dome of the Hagia Sophia uses this method, allowing a ring of windows to be placed between the ribs at the base of the dome ... The central dome of St ...

Famous quotes containing the word dome:

    But in the dome of mighty Mars the red,
    Geoffrey Chaucer (1340?–1400)

    Thus to him, to this school-boy under the bending dome of day, is suggested, that he and it proceed from one root; one is leaf and one is flower; relation, sympathy, stirring in every vein. And what is that Root? Is not that the soul of his soul?—A thought too bold,—a dream too wild.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    Thus to him, to this schoolboy under the bending dome of day, is suggested that he and it proceed from one root; one is leaf and one is flower; relation, sympathy, stirring in every vein. And what is that root? Is not that the soul of his soul?
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)