Diploid

  • (noun): (genetics) an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number.
    See also — Additional definitions below

Some articles on diploid:

Ploidy - Diploid
... Diploid (indicated by 2n = 2x) cells have two homologous copies of each chromosome, usually one from the mother and one from the father ... Nearly all mammals are diploid organisms (the tetraploid viscacha rats Pipanacoctomys aureus and Tympanoctomys barrerae are the only known exceptions as of 2004), although all individuals have ... Human diploid cells have 46 chromosomes and human haploid gametes (egg and sperm) have 23 chromosomes ...
Polysiphonia - Life Cycle
... After fertilization the diploid nucleus migrates and fuses with an auxiliary cell ... A complex series of fusions and developments follow as the diploid zygote develops to become the carposporophyte, this is a separate phase of the life-cycle ... The diploid carpospores produced in the carposporangium when released are non-motile, they settle and grow to form filamentous diploid plants similar to the ...
Sporogenesis - Formation of Dormant Spores - Zygospore, Oospore and Auxospore Formation
... Plasmogamy is followed by karyogamy, therefore zygospores are diploid (zygotes) ... an egg cell with a sperm nucleus and enters a resting stage as a diploid, thick-walled oospore ... The germinating oospore undergoes mitosis and gives rise to diploid hyphae which reproduce asexually via mitotic zoospores as long as conditions are favorable ...
Turnera Hermannioides
... Turnera hermannioides is a distylous, diploid perennial restricted to open, sandy sites in northeastern Brazil ... hermannioides and diploid and tetraploid varieties of T ... to hybridization particularly in crosses at the diploid level ...
Loricariidae - Genetics
... The basal diploid number of chromosomes is 2n = 54 is this family, but with a wide variation in the chromosome number in this fish group, ranging from 2n ... by a higher number of biarmed chromosomes in species with lower diploid number and many uniarmed chromosomes in species with higher diploid numbers ... of some genera of Hypostominae showed, within this group, the diploid number ranges from 2n = 52 to 2n = 80 ...

More definitions of "diploid":

  • (adj): Of a cell or organism having two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number.
    Example: "Diploid somatic cells"