Dairy

A dairy is a business enterprise established for the harvesting of animal milk – mostly from cows or goats, but also from buffalo, sheep, horses or camels – for human consumption. A dairy is typically located on a dedicated dairy farm or section of a multi-purpose farm that is concerned with the harvesting of milk.

Terminology differs between countries. For example, in the United States, a farm building where milk is harvested is often called a "milking parlor". In New Zealand such a building is historically known as a "milking shed" or "milking parlour" (note the different spelling). Sometimes milking sheds are referred to by their type, such as "herring bone shed" or "pit parlour".

In some countries, especially those with small numbers of animals being milked, as well as harvesting the milk from an animal, the dairy may also process the milk into butter, cheese and yogurt, for example. This is a traditional method of producing specialist milk products, especially in Europe. In the United States a dairy can also be a place that processes, distributes and sells dairy products, or a room, building or establishment where milk is stored and processed into milk products, such as butter or cheese. In New Zealand English the singular use of the word dairy almost exclusively refers to the corner convenience store, or superette. This usage is historical as such stores were a common place for the public to buy milk products.

As an attributive, the word dairy refers to milk-based products, derivatives and processes, and the animals and workers involved in their production: for example dairy cattle, dairy goat. A dairy farm produces milk and a dairy factory processes it into a variety of dairy products. These establishments constitute the dairy industry, a component of the food industry.

Read more about Dairy:  History, Structure of The Industry, Operation of The Dairy Farm, Industrial Processing, Transport of Milk, Waste Disposal, Associated Diseases, Concerns

Other articles related to "dairy":

Sophia's Dairy
... Sophia's Dairy is a historic home located at Aberdeen, Harford County, Maryland, United States ... Sophia's Dairy was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973 ...
Dairy, Oregon - History
... According to Oregon Geographic Names, Dairy was named by William Roberts, a pioneer settler, who chose the name after having lived in another community by that name in the eastern U.S ... The post office of Dairy was established in 1876 ... Dave Bliss was proprietor of the General Store in Dairy, and recently had a road in the area named after him ...
Skinner Dairy - Final Years
... Skinner Dairy transitioned to new management in the mid-1980s ... Three Skinner's Dairy stores built in 1987 are in Clay County ... The dairy was sold to Velda Farms in January 1996 ...
Stichelton - History
... pasteurised milk for many years, until 1989 the Colston Bassett dairy did make one Stilton with unpasteurised milk ... of food poisoning incorrectly linked to the dairy but subsequently revealed to be unfounded, they decided to end production of the unpasteurised cheese ... specialist cheese retailer Neal's Yard Dairy, and Joe Schneider who is an American who had been a cheesemaker in the Netherlands and the UK ...
Smith Dairy
... Smith Dairy, also known as "The Dairy in the Country," is a regional maker of dairy products, beverages, and ice cream headquartered in Orrville, Ohio ...