Creek War

The Creek War (1813–1814), also known as the Red Stick War and the Creek Civil War, began as a civil war within the Creek (Muscogee) nation. United States forces became involved by attacking a Creek party in present-day southern Alabama at the Battle of Burnt Corn. The war ended after Andrew Jackson in command of a force of combined state militias, Lower Creek and Cherokee defeated the Red Sticks at Horseshoe Bend. This led to the Treaty of Fort Jackson (August 1814) where the general insisted on the Creek ceding more than 20 million acres of land from southern Georgia and central Alabama. These lands were taken from the allied Lower Creek as well as the defeated Upper Creek.

Since tribal tensions tended to be exacerbated when the War of 1812 broke out between the United States and Great Britain and because prominent figures such as Andrew Jackson participated in both, historians sometimes include this regional conflict as part of that wider war.


Read more about Creek War:  Background, Opposing Forces, Results

Other articles related to "creek, war, creek war, creeks":

History Of Alabama - European Colonization
... In 1739, Oglethorpe visited the Creek Indians west of the Chattahoochee River and made a treaty with them ... The 1763 Treaty of Paris, which ended the French and Indian War, terminated the French occupation of Alabama ... A few years later, during the American Revolutionary War, the British ceded this region to Spain ...
War Of 1812 - Theatres of War - Southern Theatre - Creek War
... regulars southward to attack the Creek Indians ... and General John Coffee decisively defeated the Creek at Horseshoe Bend, killing 800 of 1,000 Creeks at a cost of 49 killed and 154 wounded out of ... Jackson pursued the surviving Creeks until they surrendered ...
Creek War - Results
... headmen of both the Upper and Lower Towns of Creek to sign the Treaty of Fort Jackson ... Despite protest of the Creek chiefs who had fought alongside Jackson, the Creek Nation ceded 23 million acres (93,000 km²) of land—half of Alabama and part of southern Georgia—to the United States ... Even though the Creek War was largely a civil war among the Creek, Andrew Jackson recognized no difference between his Lower Creek allies and the Red Sticks who fought against him ...
Creek War Of 1836
... The Creek War of 1836 was a conflict fought between the Muscogee Creek people and non-Native land speculators and squatters in Alabama in 1836 ... Although the Creek people had been forced from Georgia, with many Lower Creeks moving to the Indian Territory, there were still about 20,000 Upper Creeks living in Alabama ... the state moved to abolish tribal governments and extend state laws over the Creeks ...
James White (General) - Biography - Creek War
... year to engage a contingent of hostile "Red Stick" Creeks ... Red Stick Confederacy, and fought until the end of the war ...

Famous quotes containing the words war and/or creek:

    From the war of nature, from famine and death, the most exalted object which we are capable of conceiving, namely, the production of the higher animals, directly follows. There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been breathed into a few forms or into one; and that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on according to the fixed law of gravity, from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being, evolved.
    Charles Darwin (1809–1882)

    The only law was that enforced by the Creek Lighthorsemen and the U.S. deputy marshals who paid rare and brief visits; or the “two volumes of common law” that every man carried strapped to his thighs.
    State of Oklahoma, U.S. relief program (1935-1943)