Computing Tabulating Recording Corporation

Computing Tabulating Recording Corporation

The Computing Tabulating Recording Company (CTR) was incorporated by Charles R. Flint on June 16, 1911, as the merger of four companies. CTR was the forerunner of IBM. It was initially located in Endicott, New York a few miles west of Binghamton.

Since the 1960s or earlier, IBM has described its formation as a merger of three companies: the Tabulating Machine Company (with origins in Washington, D.C. in the 1880s), the International Time Recording Company (ITRC) (founded 1900 in Endicott), and the Computing Scale Company (founded 1901 in Dayton, Ohio, USA). However the 1911 CTR stock prospectus states that four companies were merged; the three described by IBM and the Bundy Manufacturing Company (founded in 1889, of which ITRC was the selling agent, accounting for the confusion over predecessors). The new company was called the Computing Tabulating Recording (CTR) Company. CTR was incorporated on June 16, 1911 in Endicott, New York, U.S.A.. The companies that merged to form CTR manufactured a wide range of products, including employee time-keeping systems, weighing scales, automatic meat slicers and, most importantly for the development of computers, punched card equipment.

Read more about Computing Tabulating Recording Corporation:  The Merger, Organization and Leadership, Watson's Strategies, Organizational Change and Strategies

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Endicott, New York - History
... The Endicott Johnson Corporation (EJ) grew out of the Lester Brothers Boot and Shoe Company which began in Binghamton in 1854 ... What was by then the Endicott-Johnson Corporation purchased this land and several large tracts around it and built a number of state-of-the-art factories along the railroad line ... The Computing Tabulating Recording Company (CTR) was founded in Endicott on June 16, 1911 via the merger of the International Time Recording Company (ITR ...
Computing Tabulating Recording Corporation - Organizational Change and Strategies
... Computing Scale was always a problem and the largest element of this (Dayton Scale) was eventually sold off in 1933, to Hobart Manufacturing ... Time Recording was then still the main revenue earner, and was used by Watson as a vehicle for diversification, though none of these was great success ... interested Watson, perhaps because it was closest to his NCR experience, was the tabulating business and this was where he directed much of his attention and by the ...

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