Collective Intelligence

Collective intelligence is a theory that describes a type of shared or group intelligence that emerges from the collaboration and competition of many individuals and appears in consensus decision making in bacteria, animals, and computer networks. The term appears in sociobiology, political science and in context of mass peer review and crowdsourcing applications. This broader definition involves consensus, social capital and formalisms such as voting systems, social media and other means of quantifying mass activity. Everything from a political party to a public wiki can reasonably be described as this loose form of collective intelligence.

It can be understood as an emergent property from the synergies among: 1) data-information-knowledge; software-hardware; and experts (those with new insights as well as recognized authorities) that continually learns from feedback to produce just-in-time knowledge for better decisions than these three elements acting alone. Or more narrowly as an emergent property between people and ways of processing information. This notion of collective intelligence is referred to as Symbiotic intelligence by Norman Lee Johnson. The concept is used in sociology, business, computer science and mass communications: it also appears in science fiction.

Writers who have influenced the idea of collective intelligence include Douglas Hofstadter (1979), Peter Russell (1983), Tom Atlee (1993), Pierre Lévy (1994), Howard Bloom (1995), Francis Heylighen (1995), Douglas Engelbart, Cliff Joslyn, Ron Dembo, Gottfried Mayer-Kress (2003).

Read more about Collective IntelligenceHistory, Dimensions, Examples, Mathematical Techniques, Digital Media, Views

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Collective Intelligence - Views
... Therefore, without collective intelligence, humans may drive themselves into extinction based on their selfish needs ... Lauder quotes Bowles and Gintis (1976) that in order to truly define collective intelligence, it is crucial to separate ‘intelligence’ from IQism ... They go on to argue that intelligence is an achievement and can only be developed if allowed to ...
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... Collective wisdom, also called group wisdom and co-intelligence, is shared knowledge arrived at by individuals and groups ... Collective intelligence, which is sometimes used synonymously with collective wisdom, is more of a shared decision process than collective wisdom ... Unlike collective wisdom, collective intelligence it is not uniquely human, and has been associated with animal and plant life ...
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MIT Center For Collective Intelligence - History and Mission
... types of research Collecting examples and case studies of collective intelligence applications ... Creating new examples and tools that harness the collective intelligence of people Systematic studies and experiments Finally, they also work on developing theories to ...
Intelligent City - The Three Dimensions of Intelligent Cities
... cities evolve towards a strong integration of all dimensions of human, collective, and artificial intelligence available within a city ... The first dimension relates to people in the city the intelligence, inventiveness and creativity of the individuals who live and work in the city ... The second dimension relates to the collective intelligence of a city’s population ‘collective intelligence is the capacity of human communities to evolve towards higher order complexity and harmony, through ...

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