Coatbridge

Coatbridge (Scots: Cotbrig or Coatbrig, Scottish Gaelic: Drochaid a' Chòta) is a town in North Lanarkshire, Scotland, about 10 miles (16 km) east of Glasgow city centre, set in the central Lowlands. The town, with neighbouring Airdrie, is part of the Greater Glasgow urban area. While the earliest known settlement of the area dates back to the Stone Age era, the founding of the town can be traced to the 12th century when a Royal Charter was granted to the Monks of Newbattle Abbey by King Malcolm IV. Coatbridge, along with its neighbour Airdrie, forms the area known as the Monklands.

It was during the last years of the 18th century that the area developed from a loose collection of hamlets into the town of Coatbridge. The town's development and growth have been intimately connected with the technological advances of the industrial revolution, and in particular with the hot blast process. Coatbridge was a major Scottish centre for iron works and coal mining during the 19th century and in this period was described as 'the industrial heartland of Scotland' and the 'Iron Burgh'.

Coatbridge also had a notorious reputation for air pollution and the worst excesses of industry. By the time of the 1920s however, coal seams were exhausted and the iron industry in Coatbridge was in rapid decline. After the Great Depression the Gartsherrie ironwork was the last remaining iron works in the town. One publication has commented that in modern day Coatbridge 'coal, iron and steel have all been consigned to the heritage scrap heap'.

Coatbridge today is best described as a working class town anchored to Glasgow, the largest city in Scotland. It has also been described as "populated largely by people of Irish descent".

Read more about Coatbridge:  History, Geography, Culture, Sports, Demography, Economy, Landmarks, Transportation, Neighbourhoods, Education, Public Services, Notable People From Coatbridge, Twin Towns

Other articles related to "coatbridge":

Coatbridge Irish - See Also
... Coatbridge History of Coatbridge Monkland Canal Coatbridge Irish Albion Rovers F.C ... Summerlee Heritage Park Neighbourhoods of Coatbridge Coatbridge Portal ...
Coatbridge Irish - Current Culture and Sport
... The Irish in Coatbridge have been a significant influence on the town's social, political and cultural life ... On her last visit Mary McAleese described Coatbridge as the 'heart of Ireland in Scotland' ... St Patrick's Chapel is situated on the main street of Coatbridge and forms a hub of Irish activity in town hosting regular Irish quiz nights and shows of Irish ...
Coatbridge Library
... Coatbridge Library is a public library in Coatbridge, North Lanarkshire, Scotland ... on 7 June 1906 in person he received the ceremonial freedom of burgh of Coatbridge in return ... The rear of the building can be seen on the Coatbridge skyline when approached from the west via the A89 road ...
Coatbridge Irish - History of The Irish Community in Coatbridge
... The Irish first began arriving in Coatbridge in the early 19th century ... The 1851 census notes that the Irish born population in Coatbridge made up a total of 35.8% of the population ... strife was a feature of the 19th century Coatbridge ...
Coatbridge, Chryston And Bellshill (UK Parliament Constituency) - Election Results
... United Kingdom general election, 2010 Coatbridge, Chryston and Bellshill Party Candidate Votes % ±% Labour Thomas Clarke 27,728 66.6 +2.12 SNP Frances McGlinchey 7,014 16.9 ...