Classical genetics consists of the technique and methodologies of genetics that predate the advent of molecular biology. A key discovery of classical genetics in eukaryotes was genetic linkage. The observation that some genes do not segregate independently at meiosis broke the laws of Mendelian inheritance, and provided science with a way to map characteristics to a location on the chromosomes. Linkage maps are still used today, especially in breeding for plant improvement.
After the discovery of the genetic code and such tools of cloning as restriction enzymes, the avenues of investigation open to geneticists were greatly broadened. Some classical genetic ideas have been supplanted with the mechanistic understanding brought by molecular discoveries, but many remain intact and in use. Classical genetics is often contrasted with reverse genetics, and aspects of molecular biology are sometimes referred to as molecular genetics.
Other articles related to "classical genetics, classical, genetics, genetic":
... By the classical genetics approach, a researcher would then locate (map) the gene on its chromosome by crossbreeding with individuals that carry other ... Classical geneticists would have used phenotypic traits to map the new mutant alleles ... This type of saturation mutagenesis within classical experiments was used to define sets of genes that were a bare minimum for the appearance of specific ...
... fashion, are hereditary units see the chromosome theory 1905 William Bateson coins the term "genetics" in a letter to Adam Sedgwick and at a meeting in 1908 ... Hardy-Weinberg law derived ... on chromosomes 1913 Alfred Sturtevant makes the first genetic map of a chromosome 1913 Gene maps show chromosomes containing linear arranged genes 1918 Ronald ... See population genetics ...
Famous quotes containing the word classical:
“The basic difference between classical music and jazz is that in the former the music is always greater than its performanceBeethovens Violin Concerto, for instance, is always greater than its performancewhereas the way jazz is performed is always more important than what is being performed.”
—André Previn (b. 1929)