Chola Empire

Chola Empire

Chola dynasty (Tamil:சோழர்) was a Tamil dynasty which was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in southern India. The earliest datable references to this Tamil dynasty are in inscriptions from the 3rd century BC left by Asoka, of Maurya Empire; as one of the Three Crowned Kings, the dynasty continued to govern over varying territory until the 13th century AD.

The heartland of the Cholas was the fertile valley of the Kaveri River, but they ruled a significantly larger area at the height of their power from the later half of the 9th century till the beginning of the 13th century. The whole country south of the Tungabhadra was united and held as one state for a period of two centuries and more. Under Rajaraja Chola I and his son Rajendra Chola I, the dynasty became a military, economic and cultural power in South Asia and South-east Asia. The power of the new empire was proclaimed to the eastern world by the celebrated expedition to the Ganges which Rajendra Chola I undertook and by the overthrow after an unprecedented naval war of the maritime empire of Srivijaya, as well as by the repeated embassies to China.

During the period 1010–1200, the Chola territories stretched from the islands of the Maldives in the south to as far north as the banks of the Godavari River in Andhra Pradesh. Rajaraja Chola conquered peninsular South India, annexed parts of what is now Sri Lanka and occupied the islands of the Maldives. Rajendra Chola sent a victorious expedition to North India that touched the river Ganges and defeated the Pala ruler of Pataliputra, Mahipala. He also successfully invaded kingdoms of the Malay Archipelago. The Chola dynasty went into decline at the beginning of the 13th century with the rise of the Pandyas, who ultimately caused their downfall.

The Cholas left a lasting legacy. Their patronage of Tamil literature and their zeal in building temples has resulted in some great works of Tamil literature and architecture. The Chola kings were avid builders and envisioned the temples in their kingdoms not only as places of worship but also as centres of economic activity. They pioneered a centralised form of government and established a disciplined bureaucracy.

Read more about Chola Empire:  Origins, History, Cultural Contributions, In Popular Culture

Other articles related to "chola empire, cholas, chola, empires":

Tamil Nadu - History - Medieval Period (600–1300) - Chola Empire
... The Cholas, who were very active during the Sangam age, were entirely absent during the first few centuries ... and the Pallavas, which in turn caused the revival of the Cholas ... During the ninth century, the Chola dynasty was once again revived by Vijayalaya Chola, who established Thanjavur as Chola's new capital by ...
Chola Empire - In Popular Culture
... The history of the Chola dynasty has inspired many Tamil authors to produce literary and artistic creations during the last several decades ... have helped continue the memory of the great Cholas in the minds of the Tamil people ... Written in five volumes, this narrates the story of Rajaraja Chola ...
Thondaimandala Mudaliar - History - Periyapuranam
... The Periyapuranam was composed during the 12th century during the reign of Kulothunga Chola II ... For this act, the Chola king conferred upon him the title Thondaimandalam nindru kātha Perumāl (the great one who stood in front and saved Thondaimandalam) ... Initially a feudatory of Rajaraja Chola III (ruled 1216 to 1256), Kōpperunchingadēva I lived in one of the most turbulent times of the Chola and the Pallava empires ...
List Of Indian Warriors - Ancient Warriors - Chola Empire
... Early Cholas Karikala Chola (270 BC), the greatest among the early Chola kings ... Elara Chola · 235 BC – 161 BC Ilamcetcenni · Karikala Chola Nedunkilli · Killivalavan · Kopperuncholan Kocengannan · Perunarkilli Interregnum (c.200–848) Medieval Cholas Vijayalaya Chola ...
dynasty" class="article_title_2">Tondaiman - Chola Empire - Pudukkottai Tondaman Dynasty
... In early 1700 the Cholas built a temple in Madivala, which is now within the Bangalore city limits ...

Famous quotes containing the word empire:

    I date the end of the old republic and the birth of the empire to the invention, in the late thirties, of air conditioning. Before air conditioning, Washington was deserted from mid-June to September.... But after air conditioning and the Second World War arrived, more or less at the same time, Congress sits and sits while the presidents—or at least their staffs—never stop making mischief.
    Gore Vidal (b. 1925)