Chola Dynasty

Chola dynasty was a Tamil dynasty which was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in southern India. The earliest datable references to this Tamil dynasty are in inscriptions from the 3rd century BC left by Asoka, of Maurya Empire; as one of the Three Crowned Kings, the dynasty continued to govern over varying territory until the 13th century AD.

The heartland of the Cholas was the fertile valley of the Kaveri River, but they ruled a significantly larger area at the height of their power from the later half of the 9th century till the beginning of the 13th century. The whole country south of the Tungabhadra was united and held as one state for a period of two centuries and more. Under Rajaraja Chola I and his son Rajendra Chola I, the dynasty became a military, economic and cultural power in South Asia and South-east Asia. The power of the new empire was proclaimed to the eastern world by the celebrated expedition to the Ganges which Rajendra Chola I undertook and by the overthrow after an unprecedented naval war of the maritime empire of Srivijaya, as well as by the repeated embassies to China.

During the period 1010–1200, the Chola territories stretched from the islands of the Maldives in the south to as far north as the banks of the Godavari River in Andhra Pradesh. Rajaraja Chola conquered peninsular South India, annexed parts of what is now Sri Lanka and occupied the islands of the Maldives. Rajendra Chola sent a victorious expedition to North India that touched the river Ganges and defeated the Pala ruler of Pataliputra, Mahipala. He also successfully invaded kingdoms of the Malay Archipelago. The Chola dynasty went into decline at the beginning of the 13th century with the rise of the Pandyas, who ultimately caused their downfall.

The Cholas left a lasting legacy. Their patronage of Tamil literature and their zeal in building temples has resulted in some great works of Tamil literature and architecture. The Chola kings were avid builders and envisioned the temples in their kingdoms not only as places of worship but also as centres of economic activity. They pioneered a centralised form of government and established a disciplined bureaucracy.

Read more about Chola DynastyOrigins, History, Cultural Contributions, In Popular Culture

Other articles related to "chola, cholas, chola dynasty, dynasty":

History Of Tamil Nadu - Age of Empires (600–1300) - Cholas
... Main article Chola Empire See also Early Cholas, Medieval Cholas, and Later Cholas Around 850, out of obscurity rose Vijayalaya, made use of an opportunity arising out of ... Vijayalaya revived the Chola dynasty and his son Aditya I helped establish their independence ... The Chola kingdom under Parantaka I expanded to cover the entire Pandya country ...
Ponniyin Selvan - Historical Background
... The oldest evidence that is available on the Chola dynasty is about the Chola king Karikal Peruvalathan and then many other kings after him such as Killivalavan ... After this, the trail runs cold and resurfaces as Vijayalaya Chola once again established the Chola dynasty after defeating the Pandiyas and the Pallavas ... Vijayalaya Chola (AD 848-871) was the founder of the Medieval Chola dynasty ...
Aayirathil Oruvan (2010 Film) - Plot
... the downfall of the Chola dynasty seems imminent as the Pandyas drive the Chola people out of their kingdom in southern India ... To escape them and save the life of his successor the Chola emperor sends his son along with the Chola people to a secret territory ... To capture the escaped Cholas and the stolen idol, the Pandyas extend their invasion to unexplored territories but cannot find them ...
Chola Dynasty - In Popular Culture
... The history of the Chola dynasty has inspired many Tamil authors to produce literary and artistic creations during the last several decades ... have helped continue the memory of the great Cholas in the minds of the Tamil people ... Written in five volumes, this narrates the story of Rajaraja Chola ...
Chola Kingdom
... Chola dynasty (Tamilசோழர்) was a Tamil dynasty which was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in southern India ... The earliest datable references to this Tamil dynasty are in inscriptions from the 3rd century BC left by Asoka, of Maurya Empire as one of the Three ... The heartland of the Cholas was the fertile valley of the Kaveri River, but they ruled a significantly larger area at the height of their power from the later half ...