Child Sexual Abuse

Child sexual abuse is a form of child abuse in which an adult or older adolescent uses a child for sexual stimulation. Forms of child sexual abuse include asking or pressuring a child to engage in sexual activities (regardless of the outcome), indecent exposure (of the genitals, female nipples, etc.) to a child with intent to gratify their own sexual desires or to intimidate or groom the child, physical sexual contact with a child, or using a child to produce child pornography.

The effects of child sexual abuse can include depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, propensity to further victimization in adulthood, and physical injury to the child, among other problems. Sexual abuse by a family member is a form of incest, and can result in more serious and long-term psychological trauma, especially in the case of parental incest.

The global prevalence of child sexual abuse has been estimated at 19.7% for females and 7.9% for males, according to a 2009 study published in Clinical Psychology Review that examined 65 studies from 22 countries. Using the available data, the highest prevalence rate of child sexual abuse geographically was found in Africa (34.4%), primarily because of high rates in South Africa; Europe showed the lowest prevalence rate (9.2%); America and Asia had prevalence rates between 10.1% and 23.9%. In the past, other research has concluded similarly that in North America, for example, approximately 15% to 25% of women and 5% to 15% of men were sexually abused when they were children. Most sexual abuse offenders are acquainted with their victims; approximately 30% are relatives of the child, most often brothers, fathers, uncles or cousins; around 60% are other acquaintances such as 'friends' of the family, babysitters, or neighbors; strangers are the offenders in approximately 10% of child sexual abuse cases. Most child sexual abuse is committed by men; studies show that women commit 14% to 40% of offenses reported against boys and 6% of offenses reported against girls. Most offenders who sexually abuse prepubescent children are pedophiles, although some offenders do not meet the clinical diagnosis standards for pedophilia.

Under the law, "child sexual abuse" is an umbrella term describing criminal and civil offenses in which an adult engages in sexual activity with a minor or exploits a minor for the purpose of sexual gratification. The American Psychiatric Association states that "children cannot consent to sexual activity with adults", and condemns any such action by an adult: "An adult who engages in sexual activity with a child is performing a criminal and immoral act which never can be considered normal or socially acceptable behavior."

Read more about Child Sexual AbuseIncest, Types, Disclosure, Treatment, International Law, History

Other articles related to "child sexual abuse, abuse, child, sexual, sexual abuse":

Child Sexual Abuse - History - Civil Lawsuits
... In the United States growing awareness of child sexual abuse has sparked an increasing number of civil lawsuits for monetary damages stemming from such incidents ... Increased awareness of child sexual abuse has encouraged more victims to come forward, whereas in the past victims often kept their abuse secret ... of limitations so as to allow victims of child sexual abuse to file suit sometimes years after they have reached the age of majority ...
Laws Regarding Child Sexual Abuse
... Laws against child sexual abuse vary by country based on the local definition of who is a child and what constitutes child sexual abuse ... Most countries in the world employ some form of age of consent, with sexual contact with an underage person being criminally penalized ... As the age of consent to sexual behaviour varies from country to country, so too do definitions of child sexual abuse ...
HIStory: Past, Present And Future, Book I - Composition
... Several of the album's fifteen songs pertain to the child sexual abuse allegations made against him in 1993 and Jackson's perceived mistreatment by the media, mainly the tabloids ... as an attack on the district attorney of Jackson's child sexual abuse case, Thomas Sneddon ... father of the boy who accused Jackson of child sexual abuse ...
Laws Regarding Child Sexual Abuse - In The United States
... Child sexual abuse has been recognized specifically as a type of child maltreatment in U.S ... the initial Congressional hearings on child abuse in 1973 ... Child sexual abuse is illegal in every state, as well as under federal law ...
Pinki Virani - Career - Works
... answer to Truman Capote's 'In Cold Blood'." "Bitter Chocolate" is about child sexual abuse in India ... of a human being’s life -- in the beginning as a child, and at the end as a terminally ill patient ... has resulted in India’s Parliament passing a Law against sexual abuse of children (The Protection of Children Against Sexual Offences) in May 2012 ...

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