Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of non-progressive, non-contagious motor conditions that cause physical disability in human development, chiefly in the various areas of body movement.

Cerebral refers to the cerebrum, which is the affected area of the brain (although the disorder may involve connections between the cortex and other parts of the brain such as the cerebellum), and palsy refers to disorder of movement. Furthermore, paralytic disorders are not cerebral palsy – the condition of quadriplegia, therefore, should not be confused with spastic quadriplegia, nor tardive dyskinesia with dyskinetic cerebral palsy, nor diplegia with spastic diplegia, and so on.

Cerebral palsy's nature as a broad category means it is defined mostly via several different subtypes, especially the type featuring spasticity, and also mixtures of those subtypes.

Cerebral palsy is caused by damage to the motor control centers of the developing brain and can occur during pregnancy, during childbirth or after birth up to about age three. Resulting limits in movement and posture cause activity limitation and are often accompanied by disturbances of sensation, depth perception, and other sight-based perceptual problems, communication ability; impairments can also be found in cognition, and epilepsy is found in about one-third of cases. CP, no matter what the type, is often accompanied by secondary musculoskeletal problems that arise as a result of the underlying disorder.

Improvements in neonatology (specialized medical treatment of newborn babies) have helped reduce the number of babies who develop cerebral palsy and increased the survival of babies with very low birth weights (babies which are more likely to have cerebral palsy). A 2007 six-country survey found an incidence of CP of 2.12–2.45 per 1,000 live births, indicating a slight rise in recent years. A 2003 study put the average lifetime cost for people with CP in the US at $921,000 per individual, including lost income.

Of the many types and subtypes of CP, none has a known cure. Usually, medical intervention is limited to the treatment and prevention of complications arising from CP's effects.

Read more about Cerebral Palsy:  Classification, Signs and Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prognosis, Epidemiology, History

Other articles related to "cerebral palsy":

The Spastics Society Of India - History
... In 1966, when daughter Malini Chib, was diagnosed with cerebral palsy, Mithu Alur found no proper schools for children with disabilities existed in India ... on October 2, 1972 Later the first ever special school in India for children with cerebral palsy, “Centre for Special education” was set up at Colaba on October 2, 1973, providing education and ... training and psychotherapy of the children with autism, cerebral palsy, mental retardation and multiple disabilities in Haryana, India ...
Cerebral Palsy International Sports And Recreation Association
... The Cerebral Palsy International Sports and Recreation Association (CPISRA) is the international governing body for sports for athletes with cerebral palsy ... CP-ISRA sports are open to athletes with cerebral palsy, and athletes with similar disabilities resulting from other neurological disorders such as stroke or traumatic brain injuries ...
Paralympian - Classification - Categories
... cerebral palsy) ... cerebral palsy, Friedreich’s ataxia) ... cerebral palsy, choreoathetosis) ...
Cerebral Palsy - Society and Culture - Notable Cases
... Born with cerebral palsy but still able to perform ... Harold Elwood Yuker, a psychologist who defied the cerebral palsy with which he was born to become a leading educator at Hofstra University and an authority on attitudes toward the disabled ... Evan O'Hanlon, Australian Paralympian, the fastest athlete with cerebral palsy in the world ...
Spastic - United Kingdom and Ireland
... The medical term "spastic" became used to describe cerebral palsy ... The Spastics Society, a UK charity for people with cerebral palsy, was founded in 1951 ... (1981), several episodes featured a man with cerebral palsy (described as a "spastic") named Joey Deacon ...

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