In organic chemistry, butyl is a four-carbon alkyl radical or substituent group with general chemical formula -C4H9, derived from either of the two isomers of butane.
The isomer n-butane can connect either at one of the two terminal carbon atoms or at one of the two internal carbon atoms, giving rise to two "-butyl" groups:
- Normal butyl or n-Butyl: CH3–CH2–CH2–CH2– (fully systematic name: butyl)
- Secondary butyl or sec-Butyl: CH3–CH2–CH(CH3)– (fully systematic name: 1-methylpropyl)
The second, branched isomer of butane, isobutyl, can connect either at one of the three terminal carbons or at the central carbon, giving rise to another two groups:
- Isobutyl: (CH3)2CH–CH2– (fully systematic name: 2-methylpropyl)
- Tertiary butyl, tert-Butyl or t-butyl: (CH3)3C– (fully systematic name: 1,1-dimethylethyl)
Other articles related to "butyl":
... n-Butyl cyanoacrylate (n-BCA, NBCA), a cyanoacrylate ester, is a butyl ester of 2-cyano-2-propenoic acid ... n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate or butyl cyanoacrylate is also known as Enbucrilate ... In medical and veterinary applications, n-butyl cyanoacrylate, isobutyl cyanoacrylate, and octyl cyanoacrylate are commonly used ...
... C4mim is a shorthand for 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium salts ... A common example of such is, or 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ... C4mim is based on the parent compound 1-butyl-3-methylimidazole with one electron removed from the imidazole arene group ...
... The tert-butyl substituent is very bulky and used in chemistry for kinetic stabilisation together with other bulky groups such as the related trimethylsilyl group ... The effect that the t-butyl group exerts on the progress of a chemical reaction is called the tert-butyl effect ... is illustrated in the Diels-Alder reaction below, where the tert-butyl substituent causes a reaction rate acceleration by a factor of 240 compared to hydrogen as the ...