A prominent characteristic of the Forest Tradition is great veneration paid toward Sangha elders. As such, it is vitally important to treat elders with the utmost respect. Care must be taken in addressing all monks, who are never to be referred to solely by the names they received upon ordination. Instead, they are to be addressed with the title "Venerable" before their name, or they may be addressed using just the Thai words for "Venerable," Ayya or Than (for men). All monks, on the other hand, can be addressed with the general term "Bhante". For monks and nuns who have been ordained 10 years or more, the title Ajahn, meaning "teacher", is reserved. For community elders the title Luang Por is often used, which in Thai can roughly translate into "Venerable Father".
In Thai culture, it is considered impolite to point the feet toward a monk or a statue in the shrine room of a monastery. It is equally considered impolite to address a monk without making the anjali gesture of respect. When making offerings to the monks, it is considered inappropriate to approach them at a higher level than they are at - for instance, if a monk is sitting it would be inappropriate to approach that monk and stand over them while making an offering.
In practice, the extent to which this cultural code of behavior is enforced will vary greatly, with some communities being more lax about such cultural codes than others. The one element which the forest monastic community are not lax about is the standard Theravada monastic code (vinaya).
Although Forest monasteries exist in extremely rural environments, they are not isolated from society. Monks in such monasteries are expected to be an integral element in the surrounding society in which they find themselves.
Other articles related to "customs":
... exclusive, as opposed to concurrent with the States, power to impose 'duties of customs and of excise' ... The definition of 'customs and excise' has therefore been an important, and litigated, constitutional issue ... Generally, a customs duty is a tax imposed on goods entering a jurisdiction ...
... It was held that the Customs Act, which gave broad powers to customs inspectors to exclude "obscene" materials, violated the right to freedom of expression under section 2 but was ... The bookstore challenged the section of the Customs Act which prohibited the importation of obscene material as well as a section of the Act that put the onus on the importer to ... At trial, the court found that the customs has targeted shipments to the bookstore and attempted to prevent them from getting in ...
... The United States imposes tariffs or "customs duties" on imports of goods ... Customs duties vary by country of origin and product, with duties ranging from zero to 81% of the value of the goods ... Customs rules differ from other import restrictions ...
... He joined the United States Customs Service in 1950 starting as a warehouse officer, but soon became an agent for the United States Customs Office of ... He retired from the Customs Service in 1975 ...
... Fiscal Year 2013 budget the US-VISIT program may be transferred to Customs and Border Protection and Immigration and Customs Enforcement ... operations moving to Immigration and Customs Enforcement ...
Famous quotes containing the word customs:
“Change often makes accepted customs into crimes.”
—Mason Cooley (b. 1927)
“So easy is it, though many housekeepers doubt it, to establish new and better customs in the place of the old.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)
“If someone were to put a proposition before men bidding them choose, after examination, the best customs in the world, each nation would certainly select its own.”
—Herodotus (c. 484424 B.C.)