Common bronze alloys have the unusual and desirable property of expanding slightly just before they set, thus filling the finest details of a mold. Then, as the bronze cools, it shrinks a little, making it easier to separate from the mold. Their strength and ductility (lack of brittleness) is an advantage when figures in action are to be created, especially when compared to various ceramic or stone materials (such as marble sculpture). These qualities allow the creation of extended figures, as in Jeté, or figures that have small cross sections in their support, such as the equestrian statue of Richard the Lionheart. Modern statuary bronze is 90% copper and 10% tin; older bronze alloys varied only slightly from this composition.
But the value of the bronze for uses other than making statues is disadvantageous to the preservation of sculptures; few large ancient bronzes have survived, as many were melted down to make weapons or ammunition in times of war or to create new sculptures commemorating the victors, while far more stone and ceramic works have come through the centuries, even if only in fragments. As recently as 2007 several life sized bronze sculptures by John Waddell were stolen, likely because of the value of the metal after the work has been melted.
Other articles related to "bronze sculpture, bronze sculptures, sculptures, bronzes":
... Bronze sculpture of Abraham Lincoln for the new Visitor Center James Madison's Montpelier, Montpelier Station, VA - 2009 ... Bronze sculptures of James Madison and Dolley Madison National Trust for Historic Preservation, President Lincoln's Cottage at the Soldiers' Home, Washington, DC - 2009 ... Bronze sculpture of Abraham Lincoln and his horse Thomas Jefferson's Monticello, Charlottesville, VA - 2009 ...
... Major public sculptures and monuments include La Rogativa (1971) - bronze sculpture in Old San Juan, Puerto Rico The Journeyer (1975) - bronze sculpture in West Fairmont ... Bicentennial Commission Queen Adelaide (1980) - bronze sculpture in Adelaide's Town Hall Jemmy Morrill and the Brolgas (1983)- bronze sculpture in Brisbane's Botanical Gardens ...
... The Chola period is also remarkable for its sculptures and bronzes ... Chola bronzes were created using the lost wax technique ...
Famous quotes containing the words sculpture and/or bronze:
“I look on Sculpture as history. I do not think the Apollo and the Jove impossible in flesh and blood. Every trait the artist recorded in stone, he had seen in life, and better than his copy.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“Both nuns and mothers worship images,
But those the candles light are not as those
That animate a mothers reveries,
But keep a marble or a bronze repose.”
—William Butler Yeats (18651939)