British Malaya loosely described a set of states on the Malay Peninsula and the Island of Singapore that were brought under British control between the 18th and the 20th centuries. Unlike the term "British India", which excludes the Indian princely states, British Malaya is often used to refer to the Malay States under indirect British rule as well as the Straits Settlements that were under the sovereignty of the British Crown. Before the formation of Malayan Union in 1946, the territories were not placed under a single unified administration. Instead, British Malaya comprised the Straits Settlements, the Federated Malay States and the Unfederated Malay States.
Under British rule, Malaya was one of the most profitable territories of the Empire, being the world's largest producer of tin and later rubber.
The Malayan Union was dissolved and replaced by the Federation of Malaya in 1948. It became fully independent on 31 August 1957. On 16 September 1963, the federation, along with Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore, formed a larger federation called Malaysia.
Read more about British Malaya: Initial British Involvement in Malay Politics, Expansion of British Influence (19th Century), Centralisation (1890s–1910s), Decentralisation (1920s), Economic Depression (1930s), World War II (1942–1945), Malayan Union and Free Malaya (1945–1957)
... Gurdit Singh visited Malaya in about 1885 and conducted business in Singapore and Malaya as a contractor ...
... after World War II, the loose administration of British Malaya was finally consolidated with the formation of the Malayan Union on 1 April 1946 ... pressure exerted, the Union was replaced with the Federation of Malaya on 31 January 1948 ...
... Thomas was the Governor of Straits Settlements and the British High Commissioner in Malaya from 1934 until 1942 ... Arthur Percival was the General Officer Commanding Malaya at the start of the Pacific War ... Percival's surrender to the invading Japanese forces was the largest capitulation in British military history ...
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