Bourgeoisie

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Bourgeoisie (Eng.: /bʊərʒwɑːˈziː/; ) is a word from the French language, used in the fields of political economy, political philosophy, sociology, and history, which denotes the wealthy stratum of the middle class that originated during the latter part of the Middle Ages (AD 500–1500). The utilisation and specific application of the word is from the realm of the social sciences. In sociology and in political science, the noun bourgeoisie and the adjective bourgeois are terms that describe a historical range of socio-economic classes. As such, in the Western world, since the late 18th century, the bourgeoisie describes a social class “characterized by their ownership of capital, and their related culture”; hence, the personal terms bourgeois (masculine) and bourgeoise (feminine) culturally identify the man or woman who is a member of the wealthiest social class of a given society; and their materialistic worldview (Weltanschauung). In Marxist philosophy, the term “bourgeoisie” denotes the social class who owns the means of production, and whose societal concerns are the value of property and the preservation of capital, in order to ensure the perdurance of their economic supremacy in society. In contemporary social theory the term bourgeoisie denotes the ruling class of capitalist societies.

Read more about Bourgeoisie:  Etymology, History, Denotations, Modern History, Bourgeois Culture

Other articles related to "bourgeoisie":

Petite Bourgeoisie
... Petite bourgeoisie, also called petty bourgeoisie, meaning small bourgeoisie, is a derogatory term to refer to a social class whose traditions and values are derivative ... Karl Marx and Marxist theorists applied the term petite bourgeoisie to identify the socio-economic stratum of the bourgeoisie that comprised small-scale capitalists such as shop-keepers and government ...
Bourgeoisie - Bourgeois Culture
... Walter Benjamin (1892–1940) indicated that the shop culture of the petite bourgeoisie established the sitting room as the centre of personal and family life as such, the English bourgeois culture is a ... The material culture of the bourgeoisie concentrated upon mass-produced luxury goods of high quality generationally, the only variance was the materials with which the goods were manufactured ... The bourgeoisie had transposed the wares of the shop window to the sitting room, where the clutter of display signalled bourgeois success ...
Marx's Theory Of The State - Communist Manifesto - Modifications
... Yet at the same time the bourgeoisie had economic power in those places ... It contends that the bourgeoisie found that the advantages of wielding direct power were, under the circumstances, outweighed by various costs and disadvantages, so they were willing to ... Regarding England, he says of the bourgeoisie "if the aristocracy is their vanishing opponent the working class is their arising enemy ...
Communist Ghadar Party Of India - Ideology & Theory - "Towards The Rule of Workers and Peasants and A Voluntary Indian Union"
... The Indian big bourgeoisie, in pursuit of imperialist aims, is seeking closer collaboration with US imperialism as well as with the European Union and Russia ... The Indian bourgeoisie is colluding and contending with other imperialist powers, seeking to expand its own sphere of influence in the world, especially in central ... in a few years to legitimise the rule of one or another party or coalition of the bourgeoisie ...
Épater La Bourgeoisie
... Épater la bourgeoisie or épater le bourgeois is a French phrase that became a rallying cry for the French Decadent poets of the late 19th century including Baudelaire and Rimbaud ... It means to shock the middle classes or the bourgeoisie ...

Famous quotes containing the word bourgeoisie:

    The bourgeoisie of the whole world, which looks complacently upon the wholesale massacre after the battle, is convulsed by horror at the desecration of brick and mortar.
    Karl Marx (1818–1883)

    The bourgeoisie and the petty bourgeoisie have armed themselves against the rising proletariat with, among other things, “culture.” It’s an old ploy of the bourgeoisie. They keep a standing “art” to defend their collapsing culture.
    George Grosz (1893–1959)

    By bourgeoisie is meant the class of modern capitalists, owners of the means of social production and employers of wage labor. By proletariat, the class of modern wage laborers who, having no means of production of their own, are reduced to selling their labor power in order to live.
    Friedrich Engels (1820–1895)