Betar

Betar

The Betar Movement (בית"ר, also spelled Beitar) is a Revisionist Zionist youth movement founded in 1923 in Riga, Latvia, by Vladimir (Ze'ev) Jabotinsky. Betar has been traditionally linked to the original Herut and then Likud political parties of Israel, and was closely affiliated with the pre-Israel Revisionist Zionist splinter group Irgun Zevai Leumi. It was one of many right-wing movements and youth groups arising at that time that adopted salutes and uniforms on the fascist model. Some of the most prominent politicians of Israel were Betarim in their youth, most notably Prime Ministers Yitzhak Shamir and Menachem Begin, the latter of whom idolized Jabotinsky.

Today, Betar promotes Jewish leadership on University campuses as well as in local communities. Its history of empowering Jewish youth dates back to before the State of Israel. Throughout World War II, Betar was a major source of recruits for both the Jewish regiments that fought the Nazis alongside the British and the Jewish forces that waged an ongoing guerrilla war against the British in Palestine. Across Europe, Betar militia played major roles in independently resisting Nazi forces and other various assaults on Jewish communities.

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Other articles related to "betar":

Betar (disambiguation)
... Betar may mean In Hebrew (ביתר) Betar (fortress), the last Jewish fort held in the Bar Kokhba's revolt Betar (youth movement), a Revisionist Zionist youth movement Battir, a ...
Betar - Regional Activities - South Africa
... Once the largest youth movement in the nation, Betar South Africa has since dwindled greatly ... Like Betar Australia, Betar South Africa sees many of its members permanently emigrate to Israel ...
Hrubieszów - History - Jewish Resistance During The Holocaust
... a leader of the Zionist youth movement Betar from Chorzów who was a relative of the chairman of the Hrubieszów Judenrad (Jew Council) Samuel Brandt, arranged ... Most of the Betar youth were killed in the spring of 1942 and in subsequent months together with the local Jewish population ...
Menachem Begin - Biography
... At 12, he joined the Zionist Socialist youth movement Hashomer Hatzair, but soon switched to Betar ... of the nationalist Revisionist Zionism movement and its Betar youth wing ... His rise within Betar was rapid At 22, he shared the dais with his mentor at the Betar World Congress in Krakow ...
Betar (fortress)
... The Betar Fortress was the last standing Jewish fortress in the Bar Kochba revolt of the 2nd century CE, destroyed by the Roman army of Emperor Hadrian in the year 135 ... The site of historic Betar (also spelled Beitar or Bethar), next to the modern village of Battir, southwest of Jerusalem, is known as Khirbet al-Yahud, Arabic ... The destruction of Betar in 135 put an end to the last great Jewish revolt against Rome, and effectively quashed any Jewish dreams of freedom ...