Benazir Bhutto

Benazir Bhutto (Sindhi: بينظير ڀٽو; Urdu: بے نظیر بھٹو‎, ; 21 June 1953 – 27 December 2007) was a politician and stateswoman who served as the 11th Prime Minister of Pakistan in two non-consecutive terms from November 1988 until October 1990, and 1993 until her final dismissal on November 1996. She was the eldest daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, a former prime minister of Pakistan and the founder of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP), which she led.

In 1982, at age 29, Benazir Bhutto became the chairwoman of PPP – a centre-left, democratic socialist political party, making her the first woman in Pakistan to head a major political party. In 1988, she became the first woman elected to lead a Muslim state and was also Pakistan's first (and thus far, only) female prime minister. Noted for her charismatic authority and political astuteness, Benazir Bhutto drove initiatives for Pakistan's economy and national security, and she implemented social capitalist policies for industrial development and growth. In addition, her political philosophy and economic policies emphasised deregulation (particularly of the financial sector), flexible labour markets, the denationalisation of state-owned corporations, and the withdrawal of subsidies to others. Benazir Bhutto's popularity waned amid recession, corruption, and high unemployment which later led to the dismissal of her government by conservative President Ghulam Ishaq Khan.

In 1993, Benazir Bhutto was re-elected for a second term after the 1993 parliamentary elections. She survived an attempted coup d'état in 1995, and her hard line against the trade unions and tough rhetorical opposition to her domestic political rivals and to neighbouring India earned her the nickname "Iron Lady"; she is also respectfully referred to as "B.B.". In 1996, the charges of corruption levelled against her led to the final dismissal of her government by President Farooq Leghari. Benazir Bhutto conceded her defeat in the 1997 Parliamentary elections and went into self-imposed exile in Dubai, United Arab Emirates in 1998.

After nine years of self-exile, she returned to Pakistan on 18 October 2007, after having reached an understanding with President Pervez Musharraf, by which she was granted amnesty and all corruption charges were withdrawn. Benazir Bhutto was assassinated in a bombing on 27 December 2007, after leaving PPP's last rally in the city of Rawalpindi, two weeks before the scheduled 2008 general election in which she was a leading opposition candidate. The following year, she was named one of seven winners of the United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights.

Read more about Benazir BhuttoMartial Law: Arrest and Imprisonment, Political Campaign, Charges of Corruption, Early 2000s (decade) in Exile, 2002 Election, Assassination, Legacy, Benazir Bhutto's Books

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Safdar Ali Abbasi - After Benazir Bhutto's Assassination
... Safdar Abbasi and his wife, Naheed Khan, faced many problems after Benazir Bhutto's assassination on 27 December 2007 in Liaquat Bagh ... Both were considered very close to Benazir Bhutto and sidelined under the new leadership of Asif Ali Zardari, along with other close advisers of Benazir ... Bhutto, of which both denied and asked Zardari to contradict ...
The Age Of Kali - Synopsis By Chapter - Benazir Bhutto - Mills & Boon in Karachi: Karachi, 1994
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Javaid Laghari
... Having started his career as Science Advisor to the Benazir Bhutto during her second and last Prime ministerial term, and has been associated with Bhutto long before becoming Science Advisor to Bhutto ... After this post, Benazir Bhutto appointed him as the President of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology (SZABIST) and prior to joining SZABIST ... He is also the author of three books, "Reflections on Benazir Bhutto", "Leaders of Pakistan" and "Creative Leadership" ...
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... played the relationship with the Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto who came in power after the 1988 general elections ... Responding to India, Prime minister Benazir Bhutto issued harsh and severe statements against India on Pakistan's news channels, thus stressing further ... Tension between two countries began to arise when Benazir Bhutto intensified her policy on Kashmir in 1995 ...

Famous quotes by benazir bhutto:

    I’m not into smoke-filled rooms. I don’t have the time for byzantine political intrigues.
    Benazir Bhutto (b. 1953)