The Battle of Cassinga, Cassinga Raid or Kassinga Massacre was a controversial South African airborne attack on a South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) refugee camp and military base at the former town of Cassinga, Angola on 4 May 1978. Conducted as one of the three major actions of Operation Reindeer during the South African Border War, it was the South African Army’s first major air assault.
Considerable debate continues to rage as to whether Cassinga was a refugee camp or a military camp (or both), and consequently if the raid was a massacre of civilians or a highly successful military operation.
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