Auditory Processing Disorder

Auditory processing disorder (APD), also known as central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) is an umbrella term for a variety of disorders that affect the way the brain processes auditory information. Individuals with APD usually have normal structure and function of the outer, middle and inner ear (peripheral hearing). However, they cannot process the information they hear in the same way as others do, which leads to difficulties in recognizing and interpreting sounds, especially the sounds composing speech. It is thought that these difficulties arise from dysfunction in the central nervous system (i.e., brain). APD has been referred to as dyslexia for the ears.

APD does not feature in mainstream diagnostic classifications such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV). APD is not a coherent syndrome with clear diagnostic criteria. Rather, it is a label applied when a person has difficulties in recognizing and interpreting sounds that are not due to peripheral hearing loss.

APD can affect both children and adults, although the actual prevalence is currently unknown. It has been suggested that males are twice as likely to be affected by the disorder as females, but there are no good epidemiological studies.

Read more about Auditory Processing DisorderDefinitions, History, Diagnosis, Causes: Acquired Auditory Processing Disorder, Causes: Developmental Auditory Processing Disorder, Characteristics, Relation To Specific Language Impairment and Developmental Dyslexia, Remediation and Training

Other articles related to "auditory processing disorder, auditory processing, auditory, disorder, disorders":

Auditory Processing Disorder - Remediation and Training
... Recent research has shown that practice with basic auditory processing tasks (i.e ... auditory training) may improve performance on auditory processing measures and phonemic awareness measures ... Changes after auditory training have also been recorded at the physiological level ...
Dyslexia - Exacerbating Conditions
... These disabilities include Dysgraphia – a disorder which expresses itself primarily through writing or typing, although in some cases it may also affect eye–hand coordination, direction- or sequence-orie ... Attention Deficit Disorder – a high degree of co-morbidity has been reported between ADD/ADHD and dyslexia/reading disorders, it occurs in between 12% and 24% of ... Auditory processing disorder – A condition that affects the ability to process auditory information ...

Famous quotes containing the word disorder:

    In a town-meeting, the great secret of political science was uncovered, and the problem solved, how to give every individual his fair weight in the government, without any disorder from numbers. In a town-meeting, the roots of society were reached. Here the rich gave counsel, but the poor also; and moreover, the just and the unjust.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)