Artificial Turf

Artificial turf is a surface of synthetic fibers made to look like natural grass. It is most often used in arenas for sports that were originally or are normally played on grass. However, it is now being used on residential lawns and commercial applications as well. The main reason is maintenance—artificial turf stands up to heavy use, such as in sports, and requires no irrigation or trimming. Domed, covered, and partially covered stadiums may require artificial turf because of the difficulty of getting grass enough sunlight to stay healthy. But artificial turf does have its downside: limited life, periodic cleaning requirements, petroleum use, toxic chemicals from infill and some heightened health and safety concerns with children.

Artificial turf first gained substantial attention in the 1960s, when it was used in the newly constructed Astrodome. The specific product used was developed by Monsanto and called AstroTurf; this term since then became a colloquialism for any artificial turf throughout the late 20th century. AstroTurf remains a registered trademark, but is no longer owned by Monsanto. The first generation turf systems (i.e., short-pile fibers without infill) of the 1960s has been largely replaced by the second generation and third generation turf systems. Second generation synthetic turf systems featured sand infills, and third generation systems, which are most widely used today, offer infills that are mixtures of sand and recycled rubber.

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Other articles related to "artificial turf, turf, artificial":

Artificial Turf - Applications - Disadvantages
... Some artificial turf requires infill such as silicon sand and/or granulated rubber ... There is some evidence that periodic disinfection of artificial turf is required as pathogens are not broken down by natural processes in the same manner as natural grass ... Despite this, a 2006 study suggests certain microbial life is less active in artificial turf ...
1971 Orange Bowl - Artificial Turf
... This was the first Orange Bowl played on artificial turf, on Poly-Turf, similar to AstroTurf ...
Jalan Besar Stadium - History
... pitch was relaid with Fifa 1 Star Recommended turf, an artificial turf ... pitch was relaid again at the cost of US$400,000, with Fifa 2 Star Recommended artificial turf, a better quality artificial turf ...
Lillestrøm Stadion - History
... hammer throw was installed on the current artificial turf pitch in 1970 ... In 2004, Lillestrøm SK took initiative to convert one of the gravel pitches to artificial turf ... In the process, Strømmen stadion was rejected because it was undergoing upgrades to receive artificial turf and Marikollen was deemed too remote ...
FieldTurf - Uses - Association Football (Soccer)
... Only artificial fields with FIFA Recommended 2-star status can be used in FIFA and UEFA Finals competitions ... No World Cup Finals match has ever been played on an artificial surface ... Although there are players who dislike playing on artificial turf, FIFA president Sepp Blatter said that artificial turf will eventually become a big part of the game ...

Famous quotes containing the words turf and/or artificial:

    One turf shall serve as pillow for us both;
    One heart, one bed, two bosoms, and one troth.
    William Shakespeare (1564–1616)

    The most revolutionary invention of the Nineteenth Century was the artificial sterilization of marriage.
    George Bernard Shaw (1856–1950)