Armenian Revolutionary Federation

The Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF) (Armenian: Հայ Յեղափոխական Դաշնակցութիւնa), also known as Dashnaktsutyun, is an Armenian left-wing nationalist party founded in Tiflis, Russian Empire (now Tbilisi, Georgia) in 1890 by Christapor Mikaelian, Stepan Zorian, and Simon Zavarian. The party operates in Armenia, Nagorno-Karabakh and in countries where the Armenian diaspora is present, notably in Lebanon, where the party is represented in the parliament.

The ARF advocates socialism and is a full member of the Socialist International since 2003, which it had originally joined in 1907. It possesses the largest number of members from the political parties present in the Armenian diaspora, having established affiliates in more than 20 countries. Compared to other Armenian parties which tend to primarily focus on educational or humanitarian projects, the ARF is the most politically oriented of the organizations and traditionally has been one of the staunchest supporters of Armenian nationalism. The party campaigns for the recognition of the Armenian Genocide and the right to reparations. It also advocates the establishment of United Armenia, partially based on the Treaty of Sèvres of 1920.

The ARF became active within the Ottoman Empire in the early 1890s with the aim of unifying the various small groups in the empire that were advocating for reform and defending Armenian villages from massacres that were widespread in some of the Armenian-populated areas of the empire. ARF members formed fedayee groups that defended Armenian civilians through armed resistance. The Dashnaks also worked for the wider goal of creating a "free, independent and unified" Armenia, although they sometimes set aside this goal in favor of a more realistic approach, such as advocating autonomy.

In 1917, the party was instrumental in the creation of the short-lived Democratic Republic of Armenia, which fell to the Soviet communists in 1920. After its leadership was exiled by the communists, the ARF established itself within Armenian diaspora communities, where it helped Armenians preserve their cultural identity. After the fall of the USSR, it returned to Armenia, where it now again has a significant presence as the leading opposition party in Armenia's parliament. Prior to Serzh Sargsyan's election as president of Armenia and for a short time thereafter, the ARF was a member of the governing coalition, even though it nominated its own candidate in the presidential elections.

Read more about Armenian Revolutionary Federation:  Early History, Exile, Ideology and Goals, Affiliate Organizations, Media

Other articles related to "armenian, armenian revolutionary federation, armenians":

Republican Party Of Armenia - History - Becoming A Ruling Party
... in 1999 the role of the RPA in the Armenian political life increased greatly ... in two volumes, newly discovered works written by the great Armenian were brought to our country from Bulgaria ... Robert Kocharyan—the Republican Party of Armenia, the Armenian Revolutionary Federation and the Rule of Law Party (Orinats Yerkir)—formed a parliamentary coalition and confirmed ...
Armenian Revolutionary Federation - Media
... Name In Armenian Type Date established Location Language(s) Circulation Website Yerkir Երկիր weekly newspaper 1991 Yerevan, Armenia Armenian www.yerkir.am ...
Sarkis Zeitlian
... of his abduction, Zeitlian was director of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF)'s international media network ... Zeitlian, an Armenian nationalist leader, was a member of the Political Bureau of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation the Political Bureau is the ... His grandmother, Varter, had fought beside the Armenian freedom fighters his father, Tovmas was one of the heroic youth who acted as messengers, and later, joining ...
Armenian National Awakening - Rise of National Thinking 1839 - - Revolution Perspective
... See also Armenian national liberation movement As the Millet structure degraded, Armenians begin to rethink their position in the world ... In this analysis the Armenian subjects of the Empire influenced by the Armenian Diaspora and the network of congregations and schools of the Protestant ... they soon became involved with Protestant reformation of the Orthodox Armenians ...

Famous quotes containing the words federation and/or armenian:

    Women realize that we are living in an ungoverned world. At heart we are all pacifists. We should love to talk it over with the war-makers, but they would not understand. Words are so inadequate, and we realize that the hatred must kill itself; so we give our men gladly, unselfishly, proudly, patriotically, since the world chooses to settle its disputes in the old barbarous way.
    —General Federation Of Women’s Clubs (GFWC)

    The exile is a singular, whereas refugees tend to be thought of in the mass. Armenian refugees, Jewish refugees, refugees from Franco Spain. But a political leader or artistic figure is an exile. Thomas Mann yesterday, Theodorakis today. Exile is the noble and dignified term, while a refugee is more hapless.... What is implied in these nuances of social standing is the respect we pay to choice. The exile appears to have made a decision, while the refugee is the very image of helplessness.
    Mary McCarthy (1912–1989)