An architectural style is a specific method of construction, characterized by the features that make it notable. A style may include such elements as form, method of construction, materials, and regional character. Most architecture can be classified as a chronology of styles which changes over time. These may reflect changing fashions, changing beliefs and religions, or the emergence of new ideas and new technology which make new styles possible.
Styles therefore emerge from the history of a society and are documented in the subject of architectural history. At any time several styles may be fashionable, and when a style changes it usually does so gradually, as architects learn and adapt to new ideas. The new style is sometimes only a rebellion against an existing style, such as "post-modernism" (means "after modernism") which has in recent years found its own language and split into a number of styles with other names.
Styles often spread to other places, so that the style at its source continues to develop in new ways while other countries follow with their own twist. For instance, the Renaissance began in Italy around 1425 and spread to all of western Europe over the next 200 years, with the French, Belgian, German, English and Spanish Renaissance being recognisably the same style, but with unique characteristics. A style may also spread through Colonialism, either by foreign colonies learning from their home country, or by settlers moving to a new land. One example is the Spanish missions in California, brought by Spanish priests in the late 18th century and built in a unique style.
After a style has gone out of fashion, there are often revivals and re-interpretations. For instance, classicism has been revived many times and found fashion as neoclassicism (means "new classicism"). Each time it is revived, it is different. The Spanish mission style was revived 100 later as the "Mission Revival", and that soon evolved into the Spanish Colonial Revival.
Vernacular architecture works slightly differently and is listed separately. It is the native method of construction used by local people, usually using labour-intensive methods and local materials, and usually for small structures such as rural cottages. It varies from region to region even within a country, and takes little account of national styles or technology. As western society has developed, vernacular styles have mostly become outmoded by new technology and national building standards.
Other articles related to "architectural style, style, architectural styles":
... The hall is built in a Jacobean style, with many chimneys ... The gate lodge, also in a Jacobean style, was designed in 1834 by Cornelius Sherborne ...
... The architectural style of the church building is Gothic, marked, among other things, by pointed arches, flying buttresses, vaulted ceilings, stained-glass windows ... The architectural style of the oratory is modern ... It was built in 1955, and its architectural style is 1950s modern ...
... Adam style 1770 England Adirondack Architecture 1850s New York, USA Anglo-Saxon architecture 450s-1066 England and Wales American colonial architecture 1720-1780s USA American Craftsman 1890s–1930 USA ... Australian architectural styles Baroque architecture Bauhaus Biedermeier 1815–1848 Blobitecture 2003–present Brick Gothic c. 1250 Eastlake Style 1879-1905 New England Egyptian Revival architecture 1809–1820s, 1840s, 1920s Elizabethan architecture (b.1533 – d.1603) Empire 1804-1814, 1870 revival English Baroque 1666 ...
Famous quotes containing the word style:
“Style is the dress of thoughts; and let them be ever so just, if your style is homely, coarse, and vulgar, they will appear to as much disadvantage, and be as ill received, as your person, though ever so well-proportioned, would if dressed in rags, dirt, and tatters.”
—Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl Chesterfield (16941773)