Anonymous IV

Anonymous IV is the designation given to the writer of an important treatise of medieval music theory. He was probably an English student working at Notre Dame in Paris, most likely in the 1270s or 1280s. Nothing is known about his life, not even his name. His writings survive in two partial copies from Bury St Edmunds; one from the 13th century, and one from the 14th.

Along with Johannes de Garlandia and Franco of Cologne, whose work precedes his, Anonymous IV's writings are the main source for understanding the Notre Dame school of polyphony. He is mainly noted for having written about Léonin and Pérotin, thereby assigning names to two of the composers of the music of the Notre Dame school who otherwise would have been anonymous; Léonin and Pérotin are among the earliest European composers whose names are actually known. Although they probably died at least fifty years before he was writing, he describes them as though they were still famous by name and part of a living tradition at the time.

Anonymous IV mentions Léonin and Pérotin as the best composers of organum and discant respectively. He also mentions specific compositions as being by Pérotin (or Perotinus), including the four-part organa quadrupla Viderunt and Sederunt. Anonymous IV also mentions the work of the theorist Franco of Cologne, and gives descriptions of organum, discantus, rhythmic modes, rules for use of consonance and dissonance, notation, and genres of composition.

Read more about Anonymous IVEditions and Translations, Sources and Further Reading

Other articles related to "anonymous iv, anonymous":

Anonymous IV - Sources and Further Reading
... (ISBN 0-89917-034-X) Articles "Anonymous theoretical writings," "Organum," "Léonin," "Pérotin," The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed ... Anonymous IV ... The Music Treatise of Anonymous IV A New Translation ...
... later student at the cathedral known as Anonymous IV, an Englishman who left a treatise on theory and who mentions Léonin as the composer of the Magnus ... According to Anonymous IV, "Magister Leoninus (Léonin) was the finest composer of organum he wrote the great book (Magnus Liber) for the gradual and antiphoner for the sacred service ... According to Anonymous IV, Léonin's work was improved and expanded by the later composer Pérotin ...
... and can be reliably attached to individual compositions this is due to the testimony of an anonymous English student at Notre Dame known as Anonymous IV, who wrote ... Anonymous IV called him "Magister Petronius" ("Pérotin the Master") ... He was also designated "magnus" by Anonymous IV, a mark of the esteem in which he was held, even long after his death ...
History - Florid Organum, Melismatic Organum - Notre Dame School
... about Organum of the Notre Dame School, Anonymous IV, Ioh ... Emmeram Anonymous and Franco of Cologne to name a few, are not always as clear as could be desired, nevertheless, a lot of information can be distilled from the ... best composer of Discantus," according to Anonymous IV, an English student, writing ca.1275, who has provided at least a few morsels of factual information on Paris Organum and its composers ...